'Ardrey delivers a bombshell... fascinating stuff'
- Los Angeles Times

'A brilliant piece of detective work... enthralling'
- Scots Magazine

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Apr 11, 2020


Blogged to celar space for Webinar


Nine Women in the shadow of Christianity

I detailed the Arthur Mac Aedan, Iona/Avalon, and Nine Maiden connection in Finding Arthur.

There were many groups of ‘Nine Women’ in the Celtic world.

The Roman Geographer, Pomponius Mela, writing in the 1st c. CE, told of Nine Woman, Priestesses he called them, of the Celtic Ossimi, who lived in the far west of Brittany. The Nine Women lived on a small island in the Atlantic, the Ile de Sein.[1]

The Nine Women who took Arthur to Avalon/Iona were another such group. – there is an echo of one such group in the name Nine Wells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland.[2]

Originally Morgan le Fay / Morganna the leader of the Nine said to have take Arthur to Avalon/Iona was a caring person.

A century later, in the Vulgate Cycle, she was portrayed as a malignant force.

Powerful, capable women had a short-shelf life in literature and in reality under the shadow of Christianity.

[1] De situ orbis, Book 3.

[2] The best source is Stuart McHardy’s Nine Maidens.


Nennius Battles

for BC

Nennius Arthur-Battles

(1.) Glein = Abhainn Gillean one mile from Delgon where Arthur Mac Aedan’s father won a battle in 574. 

(2.) - ( 5.) Four Douglas battles at Linnuis =  River and Glen Douglas nr. the Lennox on Loch Lomond in shadow of Ben Arthur.

(6.) Battle on river at Bassas = where River Tay meets River Earn at Bassianus Bridge.  Duh!

(7.) Battle of Caledonian Wood = running fight like the Battle of the Wilderness in American Civil War fought south east of Stirling.

(8.) Battle of Guinnion = Stow in Wedale

(9.) Battle of City of the Legions = Trimontium Roman Fort 12 miles down the road from Stow.

(10.) Battle of Tribruit / Trevroit = fought on the Teviot (at the bridge at Monteviot)

(11.) Battle of Breguion = fought at Beregonium (40 miles from Dunadd)

(12.) Battle of Badon = modern Badden (once Baodan) at Dunadd, Lochgilphead.

Any questions - no problem.


W's Hx Scot.

"The only reason people do not know much is because they do not care to know. They are incurious. Incuriosity is the oddest and most foolish failing there is." Stephen Fry.

If you want to know about a woman who was at least as important in Scottish history as William Wallace and Robert Bruce, let me know.

She was Gwyneth; aka Languoreth, the Golden One; The Swan-necked woman; Queen of Cadzow and Strathclyde; The Lioness of Damnonia.

You may know her as the adulteress queen commemorated by the fish and the ring on Glasgow's coat of arms.

We don't have a surfeit of great historical Scottish women. That's because, like Languoreth, they were written out of history. I wrote her back in.

The first of a trilogy of novels based on my work was published in the USA last year - The Lost Queen by Signe Pike.

The queen was only lost until I found her.



Radio Live, Ca., USA

A USA radio station, Radio Live, asked me today to agree to an interview. I was pleased to say yes.

I had two TV shows at one time. Open to Question, where I chaired a panel of politicians &c. and a studio audience involved in topical debate; and Talking Point, where I interviewed all sorts of people, two First Ministers, for example, and, my favourite, the great World Champion boxer Ken Buchanan.

I know good guests are hard to come by, and so I will do what I can to be a good guest - this does not always mean agreeable.

I am about to look at the Radio Live website. I expect it will be like BBC 4 or PBS - highbrow and worthy and academic.

Four minutes later.

I was wrong.

It looks... interesting.

I look forward to it.

(Unless, of course, they No-Microphone me because I baulked at being blessed in their email.)


My shows were great - the TV company went bust


French TV and the adulteress queen. 

Last week a French TV company contacted me about a documentary about Scottish legends they will be making in the summer.

Of course, these legends now include Arthur and Merlin and, I am delighted to say, Languoreth.

Languoreth, Merlin’s twin-sister; Queen of Strathclyde; The Lioness of Damnonia (Strathclyde); The Swan-necked woman; and the woman commemorated on Glasgow’s coat of arms.  

The figures of Merlin and Arthur were twisted to suit the Christian book, but at least they were allowed a place in our common consciousness – Languoreth was not.

If there was one thing the Christians did not like it was an intelligent, powerful woman, who was not a Christian, and Languoreth was all three of these things. 

Consequently, she was written out of history.

I wrote her back in.

How can Languoreth be both written out of history and commemorated on Glasgow’s coat of arms?

The fish and the ring on Glasgow’s coat of arms refer to the story St. Mungo Kentigern and an adulteress queen. Of course, Mungo is the hero of this story: the adulteress queen has only a bit part to play.   

In fact, Languoreth, who, to be fair, was an adulteress queen, made a monkey of Mungo.


That's it, it is done - Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan

Anyone think different? I will give you space to argue the matter.

Think of all the digs funded by spurious references to Arthur, and all the books and articles that have his name attached.


Prof Higham's King Arthur book.

Time was English historians thought Arthur lived in England.

The evidence did not back-up their claims.

The evidence suggested Scotland.

And so, they changed their tack - Prof Halsall said the evidence was just not good enough to ID Arthur.

Then, when that didn't work, Prof Higham says the evidence is not evidence.



Just published. Just received. Just about to be read.

I understand Prof Higham thinks that Arthur was just a legend.

We will see.


I had a quick look in the bibliography to see if my books were there - Finding Arthur is there, Finding Merlin is not.

And so, not all of the evidence has been considered.

We will see.


The above was written half an hour ago.

NJH says he is concerned with Arthur and not with later accretions such as the sword and the stone episode, which, he says, ‘can have nothing to tell us about the early development of Arthur himself.’

Perhaps this is because the well-known version of the sword and the stone, in which Arthur takes a magic sword from a magic stone, is nonsense: there being no such things as magic swords or magic stones.

Perhaps this is because Prof Higham does not know of an historical figure called Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, who took a non-magical sword from a non-magical stone, as part of a well-recognised ceremony, in 574CE

If this were so, and it is, this would tell us something about Arthur himself?

Would it not?

What if this historical sword and stone event took place at a place that is smack-bang next to a place with the same name as the legendary Arthur’s most famous battle, Badon (Badden)?

I will wait and see what NJH says about these facts, as facts they are – Arthur Mac Aedan is in the history books and Badden is on Ordnance Survey maps.

You can google this stuff you know.

Signe Pike 240918

The Lost Queen – a novel

September 2018

Unlike Alice Roberts and Ian Hislop (see below) the novelist Signe Pike has looked at the latest evidence – Finding Arthur and Finding Merlin - and produced what, by all accounts, is an excellent novel, about Languoreth, the twin-sister of the man called Merlin.

I have not yet read The Lost Queen, but I heard today, from an Oregonian friend, whose opinion I hold in high regard, that The Lost Queen is ‘good.’ (Good, in this context, means excellent. My friend is not given to hyperbole, on the contrary…)

Arthur and ‘Merlin’ were historical figures.

Then they were fictionalised, by Geoffrey of Monmouth and Thomas Malory, and innumerable others.

Then I brought them back into history. Now they have, following an honourable tradition, been fictionalised by Signe Pike.

Geoffrey of Monmouth and Thomas Malory and now, Signe Pike.

Alice Robert’s

King Arthur’s Britain: The Truth Unearthed

BBC Sept. 2018

Last week a friend texted me to tell me about a BBC TV programme which, he said, would identify Arthur – King Arthur’s Britain: The Truth Unearthed.

I thought – no, it won’t identify Arthur - and I was right.

There is a big difference between King Arthur’s Britain, which is what the programme was really about, and the historical Arthur.

The bit of Arthur’s Britain we got, was the wrong bit, the south and not the north.

The big find, revealed at the end (and described as ‘astonishing’ and ‘exciting’ and ‘incredible’ and ‘precious') was a stone, found at Tintagel that had some names cut onto it.

Not one of these names had anything to do with any Arthur.

Imagine the fuss there would have been if they had discovered the stone from which an historical Arthur really did take a sword.*

The stone from which the historical Arthur really did take a sword is not in the south but in the north, on the summit of Dunadd hillfort, Argyll, Scotland. It does not need to be unearthed. There is a photo on this website.

King Arthur's Britain concluded with everyone agreeing that Arthur didn’t exist and that he was simply made up. This is a reasonable conclusion if, like Prof Alice Roberts, you (a) rely upon evidence, and (b) insist upon looking for Arthur in the wrong country.

*No ‘magic’ was involved in the taking of the sword from the stone.

Ian Hislop’s Olden Days

BBC April 2018

Ian Hislop’s Arthur is a Hero for All Times, although, Ian says, Arthur probably never existed.

Ian says the earliest references to Arthur have him in Wales in the early 6th c.


(See above re looking in the wrong place. It is even worse if you look in the wrong time.)

The earliest reference to Arthur is in the poem Y Gododdin, written c. 600 CE, in Edinburgh. That is, Y Gododdin was written four years after and 25 miles to the east of where I say, in Finding Arthur, Arthur died in battle.*

The legendary Arthur is said to have died at a place called Camlann.

The hisitorical Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, died at a place that today is called Camelon.

* The Annales Cambriae & Nennius were both compiled much later. Gildas did not mention Arthur directly. All three of them point to a northern Arthur.





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May 8, 2019


French TV and the adulteress queen.

Last week a French TV company contacted me about a documentary they will be making in the summer about Scottish legends.

These legends now, of course, include Arthur and Merlin and, I am delighted to say, Languoreth.

Languoreth, Merlin’s twin-sister; Queen of Strathclyde; The Lioness of Damnonia (Strathclyde); The Swan-necked woman; and the woman commemorated on Glasgow’s coat of arms.  

Merlin and Arthur may have had their story twisted to suit the Christian book, but at least they stayed alive in our common consciousness – Languoreth was killed off.

If there was one thing the Christians did not like it was an intelligent, powerful woman, who was not a Christian and Languoreth was all three of these things.

Consequently, she was written out of history.

How then can I say she is 'commemorated' on Glasgow’s coat of arms?

Because the fish and the ring on Glasgow’s coat of arms refer to the story St. Mungo Kentigern and an adulteress queen, in which Mungo is, of course, the hero.

In fact, Languoreth, who, to be fair was an adulteress queen, made a monkey of Mungo.



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Nov 1, 2017




30th March 2016

Name: D****
Email Address: l*****@aol.com

Message: ...I read your book Finding Arthur and loved it.

Thank you.


7th March 2016

Name: S****
Email Address: s****12*1@gmail.com
Message: I live in Finland. I bought a book called Finding Merlin - the truth behind the legend. And I read it. It was well written and it told so much details about that legend.

13th December 2015

Both my brother and I were excited to hear that you have been working on a follow up to Finding Arthur... Both my brother and myself look at the books you have written (and assume what you have still to publish) as being of value to Scottish history and standing in the world...
Saor Alba!

27th November 2015


Hello Adam:

My contacting you... is... [because] over the summer...[I had an] argument/debate I had with my brother over the some of the contents of Finding Arthur. We had both recently re-read Finding Arthur and had taken 2 different reactions to it.  My reaction was to your chapter concerning Camelot while my brother was intrigued by your closing chapter re the meaning and roots of Aryan and the mention of the runes on the island in the Baltic...Cheers and hope to hear from you soon.

P**** K****

(Questions asked and answered.)

24th November 2015

Name: M***** C**** C*******

Email Address: ***@m******campbell.com
Message: Dear Mr Ardrey, your book finding is very interesting...I spent many months on the Isle of Iona...During one summer trip I stayed for six weeks in the abbey and slept in a 8 ft square monks cell... Your book has given some interesting ideas regarding Arthur, Iona, and the Campbell's. I would be very interested to read what you know of the Druids of Iona...
Regards M******

California, USA

AA Full answers to several questions were provided.

3rd November 2015

From: R***** B**** [t****_*i@hotmail.com]
Sent: 03 November 2015 14:32
To: Adam Ardrey
Subject: query


As I was reading (for the 3rd time) Finding Arthur ...I find it interesting that there seems to be more people believing in a Scottish Arthur.

I would like you to know that I have been a real fan of yours since first picking up Finding Merlin.  I really like your logic; the lawyer/judge really shows through.  You had mentioned a Finding Camelot, any progress on that?

B** B****

[AA - This email came with a query - this query has been answered.]

29th October 2015


Another potential tourist




“I thought you had the most convincing argument on the [Expedition Unknown USA TV] show and it was interesting to see the area, especially the "camelot"… How far is the area that Arthur and Merlin inhabited from Cowal? [This question has been answered.]… If you were coming to Scotland and could design a sightseeing trip in the areas around Port Patrick and Cowal, where would you go and what would you see?... Lots of questions, any answers appreciated. [All questions answered.]



23rd October 2015 

Name: J****
Email Address: j****s******@gmail.com
Message: Hi Adam, 
I am a Scot living in the USA and I caught you on Expedition Unknown last night up Dunadd Fort with Josh Gates. 
I very much enjoyed hearing your opinions on the history... [Dunadd is] a very special place! 
I am very interested to read your books! 
All the best, 

2nd April 2015

From: USA p******_t*******@verizon.net


I cannot say how wondrously accurate Finding Arthur is… [this writer kindly said, I had done] great service in connecting everything together.


t April 2015

Name: K**** D**

Email Address:USA  k**9***@gmail.com
Message: I really enjoyed your book, Finding Arthur, it opened so much truth and history that has been missing to us for all these years. I also liked how in many of your conclusion you applied Occam's Razor, and it makes so much sense. Great research and thank you for uncovering the truth.

16th March 2015

From: A***** G**** f*******@idnet.com

Sent: 16 March 2015 16:55

Subject: Finding Arthur

Dear Adam Ardrey,

... I am reading your very interesting book...

16th March 2015

Name: c**** g******
Email Address: c******g******@mac.com
Message: Mr. Ardrey, I very much liked both Finding Merlin and Finding Arthur. Wikipedia has a lot of entries that need updating! Maybe that could be your next project.

(I wrote back to CG and said I did not know how to add to Wiki. but that it was a good idea.)

23rd February 2015

Name: K***** Y********

Email Address: k**********@juno.com
Message: Big fan of both your books. I've been intrigued by Arthur, Merlin and Grail legends for decades....
Thanks, again.


17th February 2015 (from Germany)


... your book helps to spread out the information on an Arthur from Scotland. The evidence is so proof that there is not any doubt about it...


11th February 2015

From - G****** S******* (from Brazil)

...I read your book finding merlin, and I'm sure : [it] is the best on the subject. I am a big fan of merlin and arthur among others, and I'm eager to see the films and arthur books to come.


10th February 2015

From I*** G*******

Cheers Adam!

I must say that I find your case for Arthur MacAedan compelling. I have quietly assumed that Arthur was Gododdin. But I find your proposed Cat Celydon confederates with Arthur as leader very logical. And of course your route to Tribuit takes us neatly to the old ramparts of Roxburgh which has many rumours of Arthur whistling about it! It would make aq great day tour from Edinburgh!


8th February 2015 


Hello Adam

I have just come across your site. How fascinating...


7th November 2014

Name: Ashley
Email Address: a*********@*****.com
Message: Hello Mr. Ardrey!
I have been reading your Finding Arthur, and have found it amazing! I enjoy many of the arguments you bring up. I have a huge interest in history, and must admit to a mild obsession with King Arthur... I agree that Arthur Mac Aedan was very probably the historical Arthur, but I do have a few questions about a few of your theories... 

[These questions were asked and answered.]

10th October 2014


Dear Adam

I have just been reading Finding Arthur, having been recommended to do so by P****** T*******, seanacchie for M*******.  S******* are connected to Clan M*******, with footsteps accordingly back to Dunardry, Dunnadd, and Ireland.

Finding Arthur has been an amazing learning experience for me, for the history, the stripping aside of the agendas and propaganda of early writers (while finding and pursuing the kernel of any contained truth), and also for your rigorous analytical skills in doing so.


 A magnificent read as well.,,


24th August 2014

Adam, finished "Finding Arthur", very, very good! Loved it. 

C**** A*****

30th June 2014


I just finished reading Finding Merlin yesterday and the day before, I ordered Finding Arthur which arrived last night. I just finished it tonight - couldn't put it down. Both of them are absolutely wonderful and very well worked out. An enormous amount of detective work and dedication.

I can see you are not enamored with the church and it's methods past and probably present and neither am I. So, I'd just like to say well done for speaking your mind on that front.

Can I ask one question? [this Q was asked and answered].

We should take a leaf out of the Church method of working and now flood the market with books about the Scottish Arthur! Only this time they will be factual.

Thanks very much for an excellent read.

Kind regards

R***** M*******


13th May 2014

Name: J***** K P***
Email Address: j*****kp***@gmail.com
Message: Hello, my name is J***** and I am very interested in your books and your research. I too am a Merlin seeker and scholar though my interests are a bit more magical that yours are I think :) I'm planning a UK pilgrimage for 2015 that should eventually turn into a book about my spiritual journey in the path of Merlin and I have added a lot of sites to visit that I hadn't know previously thanks to your book and blogs...
Thanks and keep up the good work!
J***** K P***
San Francisco, CA


29th April 2014


I finished the book last week. I really enjoyed it and thought that your arguments were very well presented and followed a logic that would be difficult to argue with. I have recommended the book to some of my Irish colleagues who have an interest in Irish history.



8th April 2014

Name: r** d*****
Email Address: r********00@gmail.com
Message: just read "finding arthur" - now need to locate a copy of "finding merlin" - fine job of grounding the arthuriad in the people and places of the times. "arthur" and "aneirin" being use names/nicknamesmakes perfect sense...

11th April 2014

C***** C****** S******

I am writing regarding the book, Finding Merlin. My 14 year old daughter recently checked the book out from our local library. She loves the book but found that the title is misspelled on the slipcover/spine. 
When she's done with this book she's going back for Arthur. 

[On the cover of the USA Edn. Merlin is spelled 'Merln' - a glitch got us - such is life. Adam Ardrey]

7th April 2014

D**** H*******

I'm finishing up Finding Arthur and I wanted to tell you that I love it. Re: literary triplets (269), this is a common occurrence in Native American tale telling and I suspect probably quite common in most oral traditions. Repeating important items three times is a way to effectively teach the listener.



24th February 2014

L**** on For Argyll (On-line news)

From someone who had read Finding Arthur -

"...all references to battles, place names, Iona and especially to Merlin, make such sense. It all seems obvious. I am now a firm believer that the real Arthur lived and fought in Argyll (as well as other areas in Scotland)..." 

Audio Book

22nd October 2014

From Italy

Name: G******

Email Address: g******.g******@libero.it
Message: Hi, I'm really interested in your books... above all in "Finding Merlin". But I'm afraid my English is not good enough to understand everything. So, here is my question: do you know if your books will be translated into Italian? Thanks, best regards, G******

I replied to G****** 22nd October 2014.

21st September 2014

From - j*****d*******@hotmail.com

Dear Adam,

...I have seen your excellent website, and looked at your books…amazing! Very well researched and presented! I wish you all the best in your work…a Scottish King Arthur! Well done!

Very best wishes 

J***** M. E**** D*******

29th January 2014


I was so pleased by your prompt... reply to my e-mail!... it is a rare rainy day here in southwest Florida... my husband and I have traveled to Glasgow, Edinburgh and the border country of Scotland several times over the years on pheasant "shoots" and love the country and the people.  J** was saying just last evening that we should travel back to Scotland and see a different part of the country (Argyll and the Highlands?)... J***

28th January 2014

D**** T*****

Email Address: dt******@yahoo.com
Message: I bought and read the new US edition of this book on the advice of our clan (MacTavish) association... I... did find a compelling and well-researched case for the historic basis of a real-life... Merlin of late sixth century Glasgow, and ample evidence that the real Arthur was a Manau Scot and not from southern England as the authors of conventional retellings of the legends would have it.
A masterful historical detective job, cutting through centuries of political and religious propaganda to unveil the truth behind the myths.
A must-read for Arthur, Merlin and Camelot buffs. 

24th January 2014

G*** W*****

"This was brilliant: "... the Old Way engendered individuality, and so disputation, both of which are good for humanity and bad for those in charge". I loved this book and am fortunate to have travelled to many of the Arthurian places in Scotland described in it."

3rd January 2014

Dear Mr. Ardrey,

I read Finding Merlin last year and have just finished Finding Arthur. Rather, I should say that I listened to them as I am blind and I rely on my Kindle Text to Speech facility. It struggles a bit with Celtic names but I was able to follow most of your arguments. I have long believed that any historical figure behind the Arthur legends was probably based in Scotland and I am delighted that your efforts have produced a viable candidate. I must say that your overall arguments have persuaded me that you are probably correct. I must congratulate you on such a difficult and well –argued investigation...

2nd January 2014

Name: E S******

Email Address: e******_s******@hotmail.com
Message: Reading your book at the moment very interesting. Take a look at assessment online concerning Knappers farm at Drumry near Clydebank. Excavated in 1937 and thought to be the miniature Stonehenge in wood, unfortunately the war stopped work and then it was destroyed by the building of the A82 road. Some of the items found are in Hunterian Museum.

2nd January 2014

Name: T** McG*****
Hi Adam. Got your latest book for Christmas and still in the midst of reading it. I have always been a bit 50/50 about Arthur MacAedan but I find finding Arthur very convincing. Your highlighting of Arthur being airbrushed out of history then rebranded for the Christian establishment really hits the mark and we can see modern parallels in the way the right wing establishments in the UK and USA constantly discredit and attack anything they see as being left wing through misinformation and downright subterfuge. Just shows, things don't change much. The template of Arthur's world is now starting to fit into its proper location thanks to the work of writers like yourself who are who are hacking through 1500 years of establishment b******. I must check out Dunardey next time I am up in Knapdale. 
Thoroughly enjoying your book. T**.

6th December 2013

... I totally believe in your hypothesis that MacAyden [sic] is truly the basis for the Arthurian Legand...Adam you won again...Keep writing man...
Happy Holidays.
California, USA.

24th November 2013

If you haven't gotten and read "Finding Arthur" you're missing out on one of the great detective stories of the times!

C****** S*****

Arizona, USA

22nd November 2013

Got the book yesterday and I am reading in my spare time...can't put it down. David Carroll sold me on a Scottish Arthur....and your book is right along those lines. Thank you for the hard work and research!

J**** R*******

22nd November 2013
Hello Adam;
...Just wanted to let you know that I just received 2 copies of the new book and can't wait to start reading.
I bought the second book to mail to  my brother who is as interested in this subject as I have become. It was my brother who introduced me to this topic by sending me a copy of the Merlin book. So we will have come full circle!
...I believe we need to get the message out that Scots history is not as basic as many believe, and I might even go so far as to state, our history was probably stolen from us...
... I will email you again when I have finished the book. I have a feeling I might have a couple of questions or observations.
... I am especially fascinated by the revelation of you having been able to pinpoint the locations of the 12 battles. If this is correct I think it could potentially change everything for Scotland and our history.


P**** K****

21st November 2013

Hi Adam
…I greatly enjoy reading history books... Your first book really interested me as I fish on the… water between Drumelzier and Dawyk and had never realised until reading your first book that any of the references to Merlin in the area had any veracity. The key thing in your books for me is the encouragement to get out there and have a look for yourself… your books have got me… looking at the landscapes differently.  My kids also love your books and we were recently on top of the Meldon Hills questioning why we have so little information on these places... your books are important as they provide a very different perspective to the hum drum stuff that's regurgitated in most books...  I also think that people should own up to where their perspectives come from - so again your writing is very clear on the different ways that people have tried to create a fixed story to meet their own ends. The exciting thing is that you have opened up so many different avenues - some of your arguments are more convincing than others but this is as it should be…

J*** D****



26th June 2017

I had a great time on Sunday being interviewed on the summit of Dunadd for the TV show What on Earth? It was a delight to be interviewed by the enormously knowledgeable Andrew Gough. 

My only reservation was that we kept some tourists away from the footprint cut into the stone. I tried to bring as many them as I could up to see it: French, Australians and Americans.

I explained to them that this was where the historical Arthur took a sword from a stone, and that no magic or anything of the supernatural was involved. They were all interested, who would not be? (or, maybe, they were just polite?).

There is no down-side, whether  am right or wrong. You can't have too much history to see and consider and discuss, unless, of course you are the local historian who once told me - We have enough history in Argyll.


23rd June 2017

Argyll, Sword & Stone, and Stephen Fry

Off to Argyll on Sunday to film for a documentary series called What On Earth? They are interested in the fact that the historical Arthur, actually, really did take a sword from the Stone of Dunadd, and all without magic being involved.

I will try to spark interest in some of the the other Arthur-sites in Scotland but, as per Stephen Fry, “Information is all around us, now more than ever before in human history. You barely have to stir yourself to find things out. The only reason people do not know much is because they do not care to know. They are incurious. Incuriosity is the oddest and most foolish failing there is.”

Fingers crossed that the WOE people are curious.

Round Table anyone? 

29th May 2017


VisitScotland has listed my TOP TEN Arthurian sites -  


Or, just go to VisitScotland

Or, www.visitscotland.com

And punch in Arthur.

Now, we have to wait and see if the Scottish Tourist industry follows VSc's lead. 

You can lead a horse to water...

13th May 2017

Herald Magazine

King Arthur: the Legend of the Sword

Today's Herald Magazine has four pages about my findings relevant to the historical Arthur. This piece is gauged to coincide with the next week's release of the first of Warner Bros King Arthur films. 

For the first time, a King Arthur film is out, at the same time as the historical facts of the matter of Arthur are known.

At the cinema you can enjoy, what, from the trailers, looks like a spectacular Arthur story, in which Arthur takes a sword from a stone: that's what fictional Arthurs do. 

In fact, the stone from which, in 574CE, the historical Arthur took a sword is still there to be seen - it is at Dunadd, Argyll, Scotland. No magic or anything of the supernatural was involved in this historical event.

I have explained this several times on this website. There is a photograph of the stone from which the historical Arthur really did take a sword (Stone of Dunadd) in the Gallery.  

30th April 2017

Arthur and Ayr - Ayrshire Post

The Ayrshire Post contacted me on Friday to ask if Arthur had an Ayr connection.

He does.

The earliest surviving reference to Arthur is in the poem Y Gododdin; written in Edinburgh in about 600CE.

That is, 25 miles east of where Arthur Mac Aedan died, four years after he died. 

Y Gododdin refers to the warriors of Aeron.

This reference is in a verse that also refers to the Novantae, the people of Galloway, south of Ayr; the people of Edinburgh, east of Ayr; and the people of Dumbarton, north of Ayr.

The footnote to the translation I used, suggested Aeron was in Wales! Not Ayr, Scotland, but Cardigan, Wales.

Ayr, in the middle of the Galloway/Dumbarton/Edinburgh triangle is not mentioned. 

This is why everyone thinks Arthur was a man of the south of Britain; when, in fact, he was a man of Scotland.

Academics in the south of Britain know too little about Scotland, and don't care to know more.

Academics in Scotland are too afraid of the label Kaleyard to say boo to a goose. 

21st April 2017

King Arthur: Legend of the Sword 2017.

I am really looking forward to the release of KALOTS in May. I have seen the trailer and it looks like it will be spectacular. 

Obi Wan Kenobi & Luke Skywalker and Prof. Dumbledore & Frodo Baggins, are simply rehashes of the real thing: Merlin and Arthur are the real thing.

For the first time, we have an Arthur-film released after the historical Arthur has been identified for the first time. This finding of Arthur in history complements the new film perfectly.

Arthur Mac Aedan is the historical Arthur. Anyone else got and historical Arthur? 

The stone from which the historical Arthur really took a sword is still there to be seen. (Nothing of the supernatural is involved.)

Anyone else got such a stone?

This stone is smack-bang next to a place called Badon? (Badon is the legendary Arthur's 12th Nennius-battle. You can Google this stuff.)

Anyone else able to identify two, or even one, Nennius battle, with an historical Arthur attached? (Google-google.) I have identified all twelve Nennius-battles. They make geographical and historical sense in Scotland.  

Case closed.

Unless you know better. 

19th April 2017 

King Arthur: Legend of the Sword & Scottish tourism

VisitScotland has asked me to prepare a BlogPost.

We will be using the 'fact' that the historical Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan to promote tourism in Scotland. At least, it is a proven fact for me (if it is not a proven fact for you, I simply refer you to the evidence, then tell me I am wrong).

VisitScotland recognise that tourists are interested in visiting film locatiosn and the historical sites where the actual events, really occurred.

VisitScotland recognise that England and Wales make £millions p.a. out of Arthur and that Scotland does not. 

Who wouldn't want to see the real, the actual stone from which Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, really, actually took a sword?

(No magic, no miracles, nothing of the supernatural involved in any of this.)

24th March 2017

Tweeting History

My publishers told me to tweet, to promote my books. First Millenium, I am okay. Third Millenium, I am not so hot.

I started tweeting about my books a week ago, but soon started tweeting about other things: as if people needed to know what I was thinking about other things. It turns out I am as self-centred as everyone else. I am going to stop... soon.

Re-writing History

You have been sold a pig in a poke.

History is not what you have been told. You have been told there was no historical Arthur, or, if there was, that he cannot be identified, or, if he can be identfied, that he was a composite figure, made up of several men, none of whom was called Arthur.

It is really dead simple. Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan, born c.559, died 596CE. He lived in what is now Scotland. 

Can I prove it? You tell me what would prove it for you, and we will see.

Avalon? Badon battle? Camlann? Douglas battles? Excalibur?

No magic. No supernatural stuff. Facts and logic or nothing.

17th February 2017

Scots Magazine, March 2017.

King Arthur movie and the history behind it.

Four pages in the March 2017 edition of The Scots Magazine. Looks great. TSM has covered some of the basics - Where is Avalon? What about the Twelve Arthur-Battles? &c. 

There is enough evidence, in my books, to prove on the balance of probabilities, no, damn it, to prove beyond reasonable doubt, that the legendary Arthur was based on the historical Arthur Mac Aedan of Scotland (c.559 to 596 CE).

No one, I repeat, no one has identified two of Nennius' Twelve Arthur Battles with reference to an historical Arthur. I have identified all twelve and fixed them all in sensible historical and geographical settings. 

The movies, well, the movies have explosions and elephants?!

Still, all good fun.

It was said in the film The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance - When the legend becomes fact, print the legend. 

I say we can go with both.

28th December 2016

Arthur was in England! (But only for a few weeks.)

Yesterday a reader kindly wrote -

"Just wanted to add once again how much I loved your book. I read your blog and you stated that Arthur was in England for a few weeks, I'm curious and would love to know more about this. I love learning history, but it's hard to comb through what's true and what isn't. Thank you for lighting the path to the truth about Arthur."

I answered K****'s question today. This was a lengthy answer and so I made it a Blog on this website.

Put briefly, Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, fought at the Battle of Arderydd. This battle was fought on the south bank of the River Esk. The River Esk forms the modern Scotland/England border.

It may be Arthur was in, what is now, England for only a few days.

When I said Arthur was in England for a few weeks, I may have exaggerated Arthur's England connection. 

But that's it. That's the sum total of Arthur in England.

Unless you know better. 

20th November 2016

The Times (The Histories) They Are A Changing?

Our neighbours, the English and the Welsh, don't have an historical Arthur; not one person called Arthur, or anything like Arthur, who might have been the man the legend is based upon.

However, England and Wales have thriving tourist industries based on the Arthurian canon.

Scotland has an historical Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan (born c.559 died 596 CE) and all the evidence anyone could wish for to back up a claim that he was the historical Arthur, the man the legends are based upon.

But, Scotland has no tourist industry based on the Arthurian canon.

Not yet.

Not yet.


20th November 2016

"The Filthy Lioness"

The woman Gildas called a 'filthy lioness' is known to every Glasgow school child (see below of this same date).

She is the 'adulteress queen' commemorated by the fish and the ring on Glasgow's coat of arms.

She was the twin-sister of the man called Merlin.

She was Gwyneth, also known as Languoreth (The Golden One); the Swan-necked woman; and the Lioness of Damnonia (Strathclyde).

She was almost written out of history because she was a woman, and because she was not a Christian (Christians wrote the histories). 

She was also, perhaps, the greatest woman in the history of Scotland.


As for the filthy lioness stuff, directed at a woman because she was a woman, as I once heard said in my old home town, Coatbridge; Plus ca change... err, catches the worm.

20th November 2016

Whoosh, and Scots history is gone.

The established view is that the historical Arthur was a man of England or Wales.

The evidence says the historical Arthur was a man of Scotland.

And so, evidence is changed, to suit the established view.

For example:

In Gildas, 6th century, De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae (On the Ruin and Conquest of Britain)[1] the text reads:

            “…est immundae leaenae Damnonia [Sic] tyrannicus…”

The translation reads:

            “… tyrant whelp of the filthy lioness of Dumnonia…”

The text says Damnonia, that is, Strathclyde, Scotland.

The translation says Dumnonia, that is, Devon/Cornwall, England.


Evidence that points to Arthur in Scotland has been transposed to England.

[1] Arthurian Sources, Vol. 7, edited and translated by Prof. Michael Winterbottom, Oxford Univ., Phillimore & Co. Ltd, Chichester, England, 2002. 

16th November 2016

The Mystery Unravelled?  

Well… err, no.

I have just read Chris Barber’s King Arthur: The Mystery Unravelled (2016).

Chris says the historical Arthur was the Welsh Arthwyr of the Silures, and an Arthmael, and an Armel, although, he also says that, “in Cornwall [this Arthwyr] appears to have been confused with…Count Gwythian” (p.25).

I suppose I should just be grateful that I am not in Cornwall, because I am already confused.

Apparently this Welsh 'Arthur' lived until he was eighty and was still fighting battles in his seventies.

The man must have had nine lives (five more than the above four Chris writes about). 

Seriously? Bits and pieces of four men cobbled together and, even then... next to nothing (except the two names do begin with Art and...?).

In Scotland we have Arthur Mac Aedan. One legendary Arthur. One historical Arthur. Occam's Razor, Chris, Occam's Razor. 

This Welsh 'Arthur' has no sword in the stone connection.

Arthur Mac Aedan of Scotland has a (non-magical) sword in the stone connection.

This Welsh 'Arthur' has no Merlin connection.

Arthur Mac Aedan was a contemporary of ‘Merlin’ (and there was nothing supernatural about him either).

The Welsh 'Arthur' has next to nothing.

Chris, if I have been unfair, let me know. 

I will make reasonable space available to you on this website.

1st November 2016

Warner Bros 'King' Arthur

The trailer for this film has elephants in it. There were no elephants in Arthur's 6th century.

Worse, the scene is set in England. Arthur was never in England (except once, and that was for only a few weeks - how do I know this? If you want to know, ask).

Let's take something relevant to the legendary Arthur and see if it makes sense when reconsidered with reference to the historical Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan (c.559 - 596CE).

The legendary Arthur is said to have been buried on the Isle of Avalon, an island said to be set in the Western Sea.

This was Iona, the burial place of Scottish kings (duh!) set in the Western Sea (duh!) and the burial place of Arthur Mac Aedan's family. 

Case Closed?

30th September 2016

Vive la... non, laissez la differance mourir.

Earlier this week, out of the blue, an American themepark company kindly said it was "Honored to extend to [me] a formal invitation to a seat on... [it's] Board of Advisors."

I write history but that does not mean I have to be po-faced about it.

History can sit happily with the literature and the films and the TV shows and the novels. There is no reason why history cannot be engaging on many levels. Neither is there any reason why it should not also be commercial.

Some time ago I contacted a Scottish tour company and asked if they were interested in the fact that the legendary Arthur was a man of Scottish history. No reply.

The above highlights the difference between almost every American and all too many Scots.

This is the reason why Scotland should be independent and this is also the reason why Scotland should not be independent.

If we are to make a go of independence, we need to be prepared to go for it; or, at least, to be interested in what 'it' is.

For example, the historical Arthur Mac Aedan was the man who became the legendary Arthur, for a start.

16th September 2016

Scotland and Warner Bros King Arthur - Tourism

Scotland is to promote Scotland as a tourist destination using Warner Bros King Arthur trilogy of films, under the aegis of the British tourist body - the British tourist body!

Pointless, pitiful and typical.

Whither Scotland?

For centuries the hunt for the historical Arthur has been concentrated on the south and what have they found? They have found nothing.

To their credit, the people of the south, having no non-fictional history to go on, have built a tourist industry based on the fictional literature.

Now, it has been proved that Arthur / Merlin were men of Scotland (by me). 

The Scottish tourist body expects this to be debated? Seriously?

If it were to be debated, and if it became clear (as it would) that Arthur/Merlin were men of the north and not of the south, then Arthur-tourism in the south would stop, and start up again here in the north. 

Fat chance of a debate being allowed.

We should not be asking to be allowed to debate the matter - we should just make our claim and if anyone gainsays us...

But no, the Scottish tourist body will play its alloted part under the aegis... no, under the thumb of the British tourist body.

Or will it?

2nd August 2016

Warner Bros’ King Arthur trilogy trailer.


It will be no surprise to anyone that the trailer shows a Southern British Arthur pulling a magical sword from a magical stone. The sword is shown stuck into the stone.

In fact there was no Arthur in any possible Age of Arthur in the south of Britain. (The real, historical Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan of Scotland - born c. 559 died 596 CE.)

In fact there are no such things as magical swords or magical stones, far less combinations of the two that can recognise members of the aristocracy.

In fact, in an inauguration ceremony in 574 CE, Arthur Mac Aedan placed his foot into the footprint cut into the stone on the summit of the hillfort of Dunadd, Argyll, Scotland, and was given a sword to hold, just as the Queen was given a sword to hold at her coronation.

When, as part of the inauguration ceremony, Arthur Mac Aedan stepped out of the footprint cut into the stone, holding the sword, he literally took a sword from a stone.

I have been told - That is pretty obvious.

Yeah, well, yes it is... Now! But it wasn't for five hundred years during which people were trying to find the historical Arthur.  


Taking swords from stones was standard Scottish stuff.

The stone of Dunadd from which the historical Arthur really did take a sword is still there to be seen.

There is a photographic image of the Dunadd Stone in the Gallery of this Website. 

Venice 11th July 2016

On 9th July in St. Mark's Square, Venice, a Venetian writer, Dr. Piero Favero, gave me a copy of his latest book, a book about Venice and the Veneti, L'Alba dei Veneti.

My books, Finding Merlin and Finding Arthur, are referred to in the bibliography. 

Over a glass of wine we discussed our different ideas. 

A book of history, a glass of wine and someone with different ideas beside me in... 

... Omar Khayaam wrote - beside me in the wilderness.

I was luckier than Omar, I was in Venice, the most beautiful (human-made) place that I have ever seen.

30th June 2016

Finding History

In 2000, in the National Library of Scotland, I found a book that had been privately printed in Paris in 1768; in this book I found one item of evidence that... got me thinking.

I went on to get to know 6th century Scottish, English and Welsh history and the Arthurian fiction too. I was lucky because I already knew something of the geography of Scotland, because I live there. 

Then I thought about the evidence and the evidence fell into place, and it all made sense. 

Finding Merlin followed in 2007 and Finding Arthur in 2013.

The Old Guard

I engaged with the 'scholars' on the 'scholarly' American university website Arthuriana/Arthurnet until, in 2012 (after 25 years). the site imploded.

They could not answer any of my questions and I could answer all of theirs. (All this is still there to be seen online.)

In 2015, at the Glasgow Celtic Congress I debated with a history professor who claimed he had found the historical Arthur. "I bring to the people of Scotland the gift of Arthur" - he said. He didn't. I had already done this.

According to the three Glasgow academics who approached me after the event, I had the rights of it.

For example -

The generally accepted litmus test for an historical Arthur is the battle of Badon. This history professor said that the Badon battlefiled could not be found, and that, consequentlly, it was not an Arthur-battle.


I pointed out that if he went to Dunadd, Argyll, where, I say, Arthur (Arthur Mac Aedan) took a sword from a stone (in 574CE) and looked south, he would be looking at the battlefield of Badon.

My Badon-battlefield is marked on Ordnance Survey maps as Badden. It was named after Arthur Mac Aedan's cousin Baodan.


One advantage I had over this history professor was that he could not point to an individual historical Arthur.

I could.

I had Arthur Mac Aedan, born c.559 died 596CE.


No magic was involved in the sword and stone event - it was Scottish ceremonial practice that got magicked-up.

28th June 2016

Magic & Romance 

Writers like Geoffrey of Monmouth and Thomas Malory added magic and romance to their books for the same reason modern film-makers add CGI and romance to their movies - spectacle and romance are commercial, they sell.

My books, whether I am right or wtong, are evidence-based - there is no magic or romance in my work.

When I explained my working method to my wife - I take the evidence and take away all the magic and romance...

She said - Playing to your strengths I see.


22nd June 2016

Tim Clarkson's Scotland's Merlin (2013)

Tim follows me in saying that the evidence suggests that the man called Merlin was an historical character and a man of Scotland.

I know of three other non-fiction books, now being written, that follow my lead - Justin's in the USA; Kurt's in Germany and Piero's in Italy.

Signe of the USA is writing a trilogy of novels based on my work. 

Things are beginning to happen.

15th June 2016

Orlando & Arthur and Merlin.

9th June 2016

Arthur & Moses

6th June 2016

Not a Sausage

5th June 2016

History Deniers and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.

30th May 2016

The Battlefield of Glein

How a German scholar found the legendary Arthur's battlefield of Glein, after I had missed it when it was right under my nose.

22nd May 2016

Merlin the Christian!?

Fat chance.

19th May 2016

Merlin's Grave

Drumelzier-Dunipace in central Scotland not Stobo in the Scottish Borders and certainly not in England (Duh!)

19th May 2016

Merlin: A Medieval Legend and its Dark Age Origins by Tim Clarkson.

New book re Merlin in Scotland - something I have already proved - and re Merlin being a Christian - something I have already proved he was not.


Click on an image in the GALLERY to see it enlarged

The only image of an Arthurian battle-site (Bassas) is now in the Gallery. 

Images of Camlann (Arthur's last battle) and Avalon are in the Gallery. (Click on them to see them big.) 


Audio Book of Finding Merlin - Audible Books UK 2013.


The legendary Arthur is usually said to have been a Christian English King. In reality, he was an historical figure, a man of the old way of the druids, a Scot and a warlord.

Merlin too lived in history: he was the pre-eminent druid of the 6th century. Unlike Arthur, Merlin was too closely associated with the old ways of the druids to be Christianised and so he was 'made safe': he was portrayed as an old, avuncular, somewhat scatter-brained figure. He was not like this at all.

Merlin’s twin-sister, the equally important Gwyneth, known as Languoreth (The Golden One), the Lioness of Damnonia and the Swan-necked Woman, was all but written out of history, simply because she was a woman. Typical!

I have written her back into history.

For 1,500 years the Christian Church and its temporal partners-in-power deleted historical evidence anent Arthur and fabricated a legend that, literally, suited their book.

There is an alternative.

In the film The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) it was said, "When the legend becomes fact, print the legend."

The alternative is to print both.

The legends and the facts fit neatly together, when you know where to look; that is,  late 6th century Scotland.

28th December 2016

Katie's Question and the Arderydd Campaign
On 27th December 2016 Katie referred to an earlier Blog I had written and asked how I knew Arthur was only in England for a few weeks.
I replied:

Thank you for your kind words of appreciation. I… appreciate them.

You ask how I know that Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, was in ‘England’ for only few weeks. (Of course, there was no England at the time in issue. Strictly, I should say ‘what is now England’.)

I don’t ‘know’ that Arthur was in England, any more than I ‘know’ that Julius Caesar visited Britain on only two occasions, but, I say, both these statements may be accepted because the evidence points to them both being true.

I take it, for these present purposes, that it is accepted that Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan. Given this, he was a man of Manau (the area about Stirling, in Central Scotland) and, to a lesser extent, Dalriada (Argyll, Western Scotland).

How come I say he was in England? In the criminal law we would look for means, motive and opportunity. Arthur Mac Aedan had the means and the opportunities to go to England, but, why would he? What motive might he have had?

Arthur’s father Aedan allied his Scots and Men of Manau with the Kingdom of Strathclyde when Strathclyde and its allies defeated the people of the Pendragon, Gwenddolau, in the Arderydd campaign. (The earliest reference to ‘Merlin’, in the 573CE Welsh Annals entry, has him at the Battle of Arderydd.) Arthur is not referred to directly in this connection but then he was only about15 years old at the time and so this is not surprising.

The following year, 574CE, Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, was given his first independent command, a relatively minor mopping-up operation that culminated in the first Nennius’ Arthur-battle, the Battle of the River Glein. This was fought on West Loch Tarbert, Argyll, following Aedan’s victory at the battle of Delgon. The actual site of Arthur’s first battle as an independent commander is two miles from Delgon, at Abhainn (River) Gillean.

(There is more evidence that Arthur Mac Aedan was Arthur in the preceding paragraph, than England and Wales have for any other historical Arthur, not that they have a possible historical ‘Arthur’.)

I only mention Glein/Gillean because, the fact that Arthur Mac Aedan had his own command in 574, even thought he was very relatively young, suggests he had some experience of battle, which suggests he was at Arderydd. In the whole circumstances, pertaining at the time, it would be counter-intuitive to suppose he was not at Arderydd.)

Therefore, if Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, was at Arderydd, what does this tell us?

In Finding Merlin I detailed the events leading up to the fall of Gwenddolau’s fort (Carwinley, Caer Gwenddolau). Strathclyde and its allies crossed the River Esk, the modern border, between what is now Scotland and what is now England, and attacked Gwenndolau’s fort from the south. Gwenddolau’s fort was on the south bank of the Esk.

Just south of Gwenddolau’s fort is the small hill, Arthur [sic] Seat. Not to be confused with Arthur’s Seat, Edinburgh. Local tradition clearly associated Arthur with this place, not doubt decades later, after Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, had become famous.

The above and other Arthur-connected names also suggest Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, was at Arderydd, and, not only that, on the ‘English’ side of the River Esk.

For how long? I say ‘a few weeks.’ Maintaining an army in the field was expensive. There was no siege at Arderydd. It is possible the allies crossed the Esk swept round to the south and met the people of the Pendragon all in the space of one day. But, this strikes me as unlikely. Why did Arthur Seat, some few miles away, get that name and not somewhere else, and, why was it called after Arthur if he simply swept through. I suppose the cavalry, with Arthur in the van, arrived first, and waited for the infantry to come up, and then waited and then fought. A few weeks? I suppose I could have said a few days.

There is no known reason Arthur should ever have gone to England again. There is no acceptable evidence relevant to an ‘Arthur’ in England at all, not all that Glastonbury nonsense, not all that Tintagel nonsense, not one piece.

VisitScotland have asked me to outline two Arthurian Tourist Trails. If you think this is a good idea… and you wanted to tell VisitScotland…

In any event, I was pleased to hear from you. Always feel free to ask questions, it is the only way I learn.

Best wishes



Trump and Arthur and me being grumpy

It looks like Trump will be elected President of the United States; and so there is a fair chance that we will all be blown to bits; and so there is something I want to say. 

There are people, usually Christians, that have taken some historical event and added some supernatural elements, and who profess to believe the resultant mix.

It annoys me when they roll their eyes at the possibility that I might, just might have identified the historical Arthur that lies behind the legendary Arthur.

All I have done is taken a legend that has had supernatural elements added to it; deleted the supernatural elements and identified the history that lies behind the legend.

And they roll their eyes.

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Nov 1, 2017

9th October 2017

Visit to the Fort of Gwenddolau on Saturday 7th October 2017 (Gwenddolau was 'Merlin's' cousin).

In Finding Arthur I wrote about the 'discouraging dog' at High Moat Farm, that, in 2006, discouraged my son and I from taking the footpath to Caer Gwenddolau and the battlefield of Arderydd. Instead, we went along, and then up the bank of the Liddell Water. 

On Saturday the landowner of High Moat Farm kindly gave me permission to cross his land. He said the discouraging dog's name was Jed: sad to say, Jed has died. And been replaced! 

Caer Gwenddolau Fort, is near Carwinley, Cumbria, England - but only just. Caer Gwenddolau is on the brink of the bank that falls, fast and steep to the Liddell Water, that forms the Scotland-England border.

In 573CE, according to the historical records, it was here that Merlin's side was defeated at the Battle of Arderydd. (If in doubt, search online - Merlin + 573.)

After this defeat Merlin went into exile in the woods, for seven years.

In 580 CE Merlin negotiated his return to favour at Stobo in the borders (commemorated today in Stobo Church by a lovely little stained glass window which shows Merlin at the feet of St Mungo). You can find this online too.

You couldn't make-up this stuff. 

7th October 2017

Battle of Arderydd - 573CE

The earliest surviving reference to the man called Merlin has him at the battle of Arderydd in 573CE.

The Arderydd battle was fought between the Liddell Water and Carwinley (in the vicinity of the fort Caer Gwenddolau (later the castle, the Liddell Strength).

I am about to leave to visit the battlefield and the fort today, for the third time. The second time I couldn't find the fort.

I will follow the route followed by William Skene, Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal, in the 1880, by starting at the Graham Arms.

29th September 2017

Columba again.

“Of all the Dark Age Scottish saints, Columba is the most spectacular star", according to the BBC: that’s right, the BBC that is supposed to impartial. If you agree with the BBC, that Columba was a star - let me know.

I think the evidence suggests he was a religious fanatic and an oppressor of free speech; which, I suppose, is a tautology.

When I read this kind of BBC stuff, I think the same as you (probably) think when you read the North Korean TV stuff about Kim Jong-Il. 


I say the legendary Arthur was the the historical Arthur Mac Aedan.

I say Columba was a fanatic who did ISIS-like things, such as bury people alive.

I say, time was when women were treated with due respect, and that this time ended with the advent of Christianity.

So, how come, hardly anyone knows this?

See below re WF Skene. You don't get to be Historiographer Royal (or whatever) by rocking the boat, that's why.

See VisitScotland website for my Top Ten Arthur locations and two tourist trails.

7th September 2017

Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal - WF Skene

William F. Skene sets all twelve of Arthur's battles, as listed by Nennius, in Scotland.

Then he wonders whether Arthur came to Scotland by a western or an eastern route; before plumping for the west, because there were a lot of Angles in the east.

The evidence points to Arthur being a man of Scotland, and yet, Skene still has Arthur come from the south to the north to fight twelve battles, and then, go south again.

Who is this southern Arthur? Skene does not say; because there isn't one.

Occam's Razor, William, Occam's Razor: if the evidence suggests Arthur was a man of Scotland, which it does - why not accept this?

Because you don't get to be Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal by rocking the boat, that's why.

4th September 2017

Arthur (Mac Aedan) and the man called 'Merlin'

Benderloch Bookends Book Festival - 23rd September 2017

See Visitscotland website for my Top Ten Arthur sites.

Benderloch Bookends Book Festival, Saturday 23rd September 2017.

I will be talking about how we can now fill the hitherto almost empty sixth century of Scottish history with the greatest story ever told: the story of Arthur and the man called 'Merlin.' 

First, there is no possible historical Arthur, far less an historical 'Merlin', in England or in Wales. (Unless you know different, if so, let me know - but you don't.)

Second, ask yourself - What would it take to prove to you that the legendary Arthur was the historical Arthur Mac Aedan (c.559-596CE)?

Battle of Badon

Google the legendary Arthur's most famous battle, the battle of Badon.

Then check Google Maps and you will find the lands of Badden lie between Lochgilhead and Cairnbaan.

Smack-bang next to Dunadd.


The sword and the stone? What about that?

The historical sword and stone event happened on the summit of Dunadd, when Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan was at Dunadd, in 574CE.

No magic sword or magic stone were involved, just a simple ceremony that only makes sense on the summit of Dunadd. (There is a photo of the stone in the gallery of this website.)


Avalon is said to be an island, set in the western sea, where the legendary Arthur was buried, after he was killed at the battle of Camlann?

Iona is an island set in the western sea, and Iona is where the historical Arthur Mac Aedan was buried - Duh!

This happened after Arthur Mac Aedan was killed at the battle of Camelon, Falkirk.

Camelon, Falkirk

Camlann, where the legendary Arthur died is Camelon, Falkirk, where the historical Arthur died.

The present ninth tee at Falkirk Golf Course was once Arthur Mac Aedan's father Aedan's fort - you couldn't make up this stuff. 

Too much?

Have I given too much away? Will there be anything left for my Benderloch talk? Yup, stacks.

Excalibur, Gawain, Round Table (again no magic involved), Guinevere (Google Meigle II stone for her) &c. &c.

Scotland has the lot.

Ben Arthur 

Arthur's Seat

Merlin and Columba and Mungo

Merlin was not his real name. If there are Gaelic speakers at Benderloch, they could be helpful in this connection.

Columba was not the man the modern church would have us believe - ask Oran.

Oran said, things are not as you say they are, Columba. This was just before Columba buried him alive (for the second time!).

Arthur's father, Aedan, tried to have Columba killed. 

As for 'Merlin's' enemy, Mungo of Glasgow: Mungo had the leader of a moderate Christian sect assassinated; a cleric brought in to oppose him assassinated and other people assassinated. He also undermined people by 'accusing' them of being gay. 

On the plus-side women come out of all this new history well, right up to the point the Christians took control.




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Dec 28, 2016


28th December 2016

Camelot? Dunadd or Stirling?

A reader, P****, wrote:

"If I may, I just want to throw out there that my own opinion is that Camelot was actually at Stirling Castle or its environs, not Dunadd.  Have a number of reasons for that but curious if you have perhaps came to a similar conclusion."

I replied that day,

"I would have no problem with Camelot being at Stirling, because Stirling was Arthur Mac Aedan’s primary base; but for the fact that, except for this being Arthur’s primary base, I do not know of any evidence that connects Stirling and Camelot… except…

Wait a minute!

I said Dunadd was mostly likely Camelot because this was one of Arthur’s bases, and because Camelot made sense as a corruption of the Gaelic for Twisted March, which fitted the land about Dunadd. It is arguable that it also fitted the land about Stirling."

Jury still out?



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Jun 26, 2016

9th June 2016

Arthur and Moses

If I had been an Israelite and someone had parted the Red Sea to let me go safely across I think I would have remembered that, and not gone gamboling about a Golden Calf ten minutes later.

But some people take more convincing than others.


Merlin's teacher was said to be a man called Blaise.

This is just a corrupt version of the Gaelic for Blasphemer - Blaispheum.

This makes sense if Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan, a Scot.

If he was not Arthur Mac Aedan it is a non-sense name.



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Jun 12, 2016

5th June 2016 #2

History Deniers and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.

My last blog was more accessible than the one before but...

...let's cut to the chase.

It was said in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance - "When the legend becomes fact, print the legend."


The legend of Arthur has become fact. We should print the facts.

Arthur (c.559-596CE) and Merlin (c.540-c.618CE) were real historical figures. 

If you disagree - perhaps you are a history denier?

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Jun 12, 2016

30th May 2016

There is no historical Arthur in the south, far less a Glein battlefield.

In the north, we have an historical Arthur and a Glein battlefield and they are self-corroborating.

The Glein Challenge 

If you Google-search 'Arthur and Glein' you will not be able to find a sensible location for the legendary Arthur’s legendary battle of Glein. (The battle of the River Glein is the first Arthur-battle on the battle-list of Nennius.)

The battle of the River Glein only makes sense with reference to Arthur Mac Aedan.

Arthur Mac Aedan’s father Aedan won the battle of Delgon in 574CE.

In Finding Arthur I identified the Delgon battlefield as Ealain da Ghallagan, West Loch Tarbert, Argyll, Scotland.

In 574CE Arthur/Arthur Mac Aedan was about sixteen years old and about to embark on the military career that would make him famous.

Given the battle of the River Glein is the first Arthur-battle on the battle-list of Nennius it is reasonable to suppose, if the battles on the list are in chronological order, that Arthur was relatively young when it was fought. 

(I have shown in Finding Arthur that the battles on the battle-list of Nennius were fought in Chronological order.)

I was unable to find a single, sensible location for the River Glein battlefield when I was writing Finding Arthur.

I came to the conclusion that there was no one single battle of the River Glein. I concluded that as Arthur was a young man, enjoyng his first independent command, he was probably only in charge of mopping-up operations in the aftermath of Delgon, and that, consequently, the reference to the battle of the River Glein should properly be understood as the battles of the rivers and the glens.

I looked everywhere except one place, right under my nose.

In 2014 a German scholar, Kurt Leibhard, following-up on my work, found the answer.

I had been right that the young Arthur had been engaged in mopping-up after Delgon, but not that this involved a guerrilla campaign fought by generic rivers and in generic glens.

Kurt Leibhard found the battlefield of the River Glein two kilometres from Arthur Mac Aedan's father's Delgon battlefield (which I had located at Ealain da Ghallagan).

Two kilometers from Delgon-Ealain da Ghallagan is Abhainn Gillean – that is, the River Gillean.

The names River Glein and River Gillean are similar in the extreme, if not synonymous.

The location, smack bang next to Aedan’s Delgon, fits perfectly.

The timing, immediately after Delgon, when Arthur was young, and so unlikely to be in command in a great battle and more likely to be in command in a follow-up battle, clearly makes sense.

The questions, who; where; when; why? all have answers if the River Glein is Abhainn Gillean.

This is self-corroborating evidence.

This evidence is too much of a coincidence to be mere chance.

I challenge everyone to come up with a better Glein battlefield.

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Jun 4, 2016
1st May 2016

Why Scotland should be independent and why Scotland should not be independent.

Warner Bros 'King Arthur' trilogy, the first film of which will be released in March 2017, will atrract tourists to Tintagel and Glastonbury but not to Scotland unless Scotland does... something.


Tintagel has no historical Arthur.

Tintagel is only connected with Arthur because Geoffrey of Monmouth, who wanted to curry favour with his patron who owned the place, wrote about Tintagel it in his Arthur blockbuster, The History of the Kings of Britain.

Check English Heritage’s website – the whole tourist industry of the Tintagel area is based on this fiction.


Glastonbury too has no historical Arthur.

Glastonbury is only connected with Arthur because the monks of Glastonbury needed money to repair their monastery after it burned down in the late 12th century, and so they said they had ‘discovered’ Arthur’s grave. Arthur brought tourists (pilgrims) and tourists brought money.

Check out Glastonbury’s website - Glastonbury's whole tourist industry is based on this scam.


Unlike Tintagel and Glastonbury Scotland has an historical Arthur - Arthur Mac Aedan (c.559-596CE).

Unlike Tintagel and Glastonbury, Scotland no Arthur-tourist industry. 

If Scotland was populated by Americans, something would have been done about this by now.

This is why Scotland should be independent and this is also why Scotland should not be independent.

We should do something about this.



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Jun 4, 2016

16th May 2016

Where is Avalon?

Avalon is said to be an island "set in the western sea" where Arthur was taken after his death.

These are the essentials. You can forget all that Arthur is not-dead and is coming back stuff - we are talking of history here, not of the supernatural.

I say Iona was Avalon.

Iona is set in the Western Sea and was the burial place of the historical Arthur Mac Aedan’s family.  

There is a fair wheen of other evidence (anent the name, the church and the women who took Arthur to Avalon, for example) but I am sticking to the essentials here.

If anyone knows of a more likely Avalon than Iona, let me know.

Here are three alternatives:

Oxford Dictionary of Celtic Mythology – “… [Avalon] usually thought to lie in the western seas but sometimes identified with Glastonbury.” Note that ‘but’. That ‘but’ is there because Glastonbury is inland; that is, Glastonbury is not an island. This is usually explained by claiming that Glastonbury was marshier then than it is now – but this is bunkum. Besides, Glastonbury has no Arthur, far less a reason why any hypothetical Arthur might have been buried there.

Geoffrey Ashe in his The Discovery of King Arthur says “… the real Avalon is in Burgundy where Arthur’s career ends...” but “...his remains might have been brought back later for re-interment in [Glastonbury].” Glastonbury, Geoffrey Ashe says, "Glastonbury was not far from being an island early in the Christian era, when the water level was different.”  Note that “not far from being an island”. That is, Glastonbury was not an island. Not everyone is as honest as Geoffrey Ashe. Remember, Glastonbury has no ‘Arthur’. Geoffrey Ashe’s Arthur is a man called Riothamus who fought and died in France.

The estimable Stuart McHardy in his The Quest for Arthur says “...there is a good location for Avalon [in Scotland] within the environs of the [River] Forth… the Isle of May…” Besides the fact that the Isle of May is in the eastern, not the western sea there is nothing to connect it with an historical Arthur. On the same page Stuart McHardy says “we have a model [for the burial of Arthur] in Scottish historical practice in the Isle of Iona.”  Like W.F. Skene, Queen Victoria’s Historiographer Royal, who came so close so often, Stuart McHardy hears the echoes of the evidence but does not go on to make, what I think is, the obvious connection - Iona is Avalon.

In my book Iona was not a model for Avalon, Iona is Avalon - it is an Occam ’s Razor thing.

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Jun 4, 2016

19th May 2016

Merlin's Grave - Drumelzier-Dunipace not Stobo (Duh!)

On page 125 Tim writes about the Scottish writer, George Chalmers. In his Caledonia (1807) Chalmers doubted that Merlin’s grave was at Drumelzier-Stobo, observing that Drumelzier-Stobo did not lie close to the heartland of Strathclyde, which is where he placed the Merlin legend’s origins.

I think Chalmers was right about Drumelzier-Stobo not being in the right place.

I 'found' another Drumellzier, Drumelzier-Dunipace, or, at least, I connected it with Merlin (the people who live there already knew it was there)- see Finding Merlin. 

Not only does Drumelzier-Dunipace lie close to the heartland of Strathclyde; it is also, as the Vita Merlini Silvestris says it is, 30 miles from Glasgow - Drumelzier-Dunippace is where it should be if it is the place where Merlin was buried.

Just as I said in my Where is Avalon? blog 16th May 2016 - people come so close and then miss the obvious. Of course, it may be, that Chalmers simply did not know about Drumelzier-Dunipace. 

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Jun 4, 2016

19th May 2016

Merlin: A Medieval Legend and its Dark Age Origins by Tim Clarkson

I read Tim Clarkson’s Merlin: A Medieval Legend and its Dark Age Origins with interest, it is especically good on the medieval legend bit. 

As for the origins bit, Tim and I disagree a bit.

For me, once the obvious fiction is recognised and put to one side the historical Merlin can be seen to be a man of the north, a man of Scotland, plain and simple.

As I understand Tim's Merlin he gives more weight to the southern, the Welsh sources. 

We also disagree about whether Merlin was a druid of the old way (me) or a Christian (Tim).

These are matters for antother day.

For now, I say again, the evidence, I repeat the evidence proves that Merlin was a man of the north - an historical figure.

The only reason people say he did not exist in history or that, if he did exist in history, he was of the south is becauase thet have not looked at the evidence. 

Worse, they have looked at the evidence, noted that it pointed north and decided to run with the traditional, convenient, fictional / southern Merlin.

In my book Merlin is an inconvenient truth, especially for Christians... but then, as I have just said, that is a matter for another day.

For now, I am pleased to have an ally in the Merlin was real and of the north argument.

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May 29, 2016

19th May 2016 

Merlin’s Grave

I am reading Tim Clarkson’s Merlin at the moment. I haven’t found out who Tim’s historical Merlin is yet, but I still have 11 pages to go, and it is interesting, Arthur/Merlin stuff always is.

On page 125 Tim writes about the Scottish writer, George Chalmers. In his Caledonia (1807) Chalmers doubted that Merlin’s grave was at Drumelzier-Stobo, observing that Drumelzier-Stobo did not lie close to the heartland of Strathclyde, which is where he placed the Merlin legend’s origins.

I think Chalmers was right about Drumelzier-Stobo not being in the right place.

I 'found' another Drumellzier, Drumelzier-Dunipace, or, at least, I connected it with Merlin (the people who live there already knew it was there)- see Finding Merlin. 

Not only does Drumelzier-Dunipace lie close to the heartland of Strathclyde; it is also, as the Vita Merlini Silvestris says it is, 30 miles from Glasgow - Drumelzier-Dunippace is where it should be if it is the place where Merlin was buried.

Just as I said in my Where is Avalon? blog 16th May 2016 - people come so close and then miss the obvious. Of course, it may be, that Chalmers simply did not know about Drumelzier-Dunipace. 

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May 22, 2016

20th March 2016

'Merlin' and his sister Languoreth's home village found.

Last week it was reported that roadworks on the M74 had led to the finding of the 'medieval' Cadzow village - on the site of the village where 'Merlin' and his twin-sister Langoureth grew up in the mid-6th century. This find was made smack-bang next to the fort at Cadzow which I identified, in Finding Merlin, as the place where they lived

This ties in with the finding of the 'Round Table' in the shadow of Stirling Castle rock in 2011. (It was actually a round mound about which Arthur and his fellows sat.) I was putting the finishing touches on Finding Arthur when this find was made. 

I made these finds in history. The archaeologists made their finds on the ground.

Arthur & 'Merlin' make sense in Scotland and nowhere else.


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May 22, 2016

12th March 2016

Arthur in history - history based on evidence.

The histories of England and Wales do not include an Arthur who could be the man who inspired the legend. Scottish history does - Arthur Mac Aedan c.559-596CE.

Why is this not generally accepted?

There was a cover-up. (I know, I know, this smacks of 'conspiracy theory' but... well, there was a cover-up. )

The historical Arthur was covered-up and replaced with legend because Arthur was not a Christian. 

A non-Christian hero was not acceptable. The Christianity that was imposed from about c.563 CE onwards brooked no alternatives.

Look at the history of Christianity and tell me that a non-Christian hero would have been acceptable in a Christian world; that Christianity valued pluralism. 

The alternative to Christianity, which Arthur favoured, allowed women a proper, equal place in the world, and so was especially unacceptable.

My conclusions do not rely on the supernatural (that would be daft).

My conclusions rely on evidence from Christian sources. This is the best kind of evidence - evidence contrary to the interests of those who produce it. 


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May 22, 2016

9th January 2016

Too much -  too little

I should tidy up this first page - it has too much stuff in it (but I have too little time to do it).

There is also too little about what this is really about - history.

There was an historical Arthur (Arthur Mac Aedan c. 559-596) and an historical Merlin (Myrddin/Lailoken c.540-618).

Arthur was Scots/British and Merlin British/British: both lived in what is now Scotland. They were both people of the old way of the druids. Consequently, when Christianity took over, attempts were made to write them out of the picture. This didn't work and so they were presented in a Christian light, but this doesn't quite work either. 

Semi-detached from history Arthur and Merlin have become legendary figures. 

However, when the surviving evidence is considered Arthur and Merlin can be seen in a sensible historical / geographical context. 

It is hardly surprising that Arthur has been presented as a Christian-English-King because Christian, English monarchists (i.e. those in charge) wrote the histories. 

But, if you look again at the evidence you will see that all makes sense when the setting is Scotland in the late 6th century CE.

For example, the sword and the stone event really happened (at Dunadd, Argyll, in 574CE) and happened without magic.

My books do not depend on supernatural stuff because... well, that would be daft. 


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May 22, 2016

28th November 2015

Glastonbury and Arthur rubbished.

Last week The Times and other newspapers revealed that the Glastonbury-Arthur connection is nonsense - although why anyone though this was 'news' is a mystery. This has been well known for decades.

The monks of Glastonbury wanted money and so they 'discovered' Arthur's body and used it to bring in tourist-pilgrims - Duh!

The monks even 'found' a cross upon which were written the words here lies King Arthur &c. (as I said in Finding Arthur - everything but directions to and the opening hours of the gift shop).

Glastonbury is still making millions out of this nonsense.

Scotland, the home of the real historical Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, does nothing.




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May 22, 2016

19th November 2015

Arthur & Thomas Paine

I have just been told that my publishers - Overlook NY USA - are reprinting the paperback of Finding Arthur.

More and more people - people who have considered the evidence in Finding Merlin and Finding Arthur - are coming to the conclusion that the legendary Arthur was the historical Arthur Mac Aedan. 

This conclusion does not involve 'magic' or 'miracles' (which are non-sense) or anything supernatural - just evidence of fact.

The matter of Arthur is, pace Thomas Paine, a The World is my Country and Truth is my Religion Kind of Thing.

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May 22, 2016

3rd October 2015

Expedition Unknown – TV Show - The One About Arthur

The Sword and the Stone

The battlefield of Badon


The second series of the American TV show Expedition Unknown kicks off on 7th October with the first showing on USA TV of the one about my findings about Arthur (well, two of my findings anyway).

We filmed this in Argyll in April – with me on a horse for the first time ever.

This show deals with the stone from which an historical Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, really did take a sword (in 574 CE) and, perhaps, (I haven’t seen it yet) the battlefield of Badon.

For the purposes of identifying the legendary Arthur the most important battle on the Battle-list of Nennius is the legendary Arthur’s battle of Badon.

The battlefield of Badon is smack-bang next to the stone from which Arthur Mac Aedan took a sword in 574CE. The modern place-name Badden (which can be found on Google maps) like the legendary place-name Badon are both corruptions of the personal name Baodan (a relative of Arthur Mac Aedan’s).

It may Expedition Unknown will go with Camelot, a corrupt version of the Gaelic for twisted/crooked marsh, a perfect description of the land smack-bang next to – yup, you’ve guessed it - the stone from which Arthur Mac Aedan took a sword in 574CE.

And two miles away there is… there is lots more – enough for another documentary.


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May 22, 2016

2nd October 2015

Arthur and MacBeth

Inspired by Michael Fassbender's film MacBeth The Independent (today page 39) explains how it came to be that the good Scottish king Macbeth ended up a villain in most people's eyes.

"How did the tale get so twisted? The biggest reason is that history is written by the victors - in this case, the English. They viewed MacBeth through the lens of their own culture, and to top things off, later purged all Scottish literature written in Gaelic. What was finally recorded was heavily influenced by oral tradition and classic Celtic exaggera..., ah, storytelling."

Much the same thing happened to the historical Arthur.

Plus ca change... err...catches the worm (as one of my Coatbridge hometown fellows once said).


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May 22, 2016

16th September 2015

The Stone of Dunadd from which Arthur (Arthur Mac Aedan) really did take a sword (no magic was involved in the making of the sword and the stone legend)

I climbed Dunadd hillfort on Saturday, for the umpteenth time: this time in pouring rain.

On the summit of Dunadd is the footprint into which, in 574CE, Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, put his foot as part of an inauguration ceremony. He was given a sword to hold, just as the Queen was given a  sword to hold at her coronation. When Arthur Mac Aedan stepped out of the footprint, holding the sword, he literally took a sword from a stone - no magic was involved.

This historical event was later sexed-up until now we have the wonderful fiction that is the story of The Sword in the Stone.

Anyone who knows about the legendary Arthur knows about the battle of Badon - this was fought on land that is contiguous with Dunadd (See Blog 3rd September 2015).

In April, led by an American TV team, I walked south from Dunadd across a marsh to a tussock with some stones on it. When I saw this tussock again on Saturday I thought - This tussock is further from Dunadd than I thought at the time, and at the time I thought it was pretty far. (You try walking across a marsh in the dark and you will see what I mean).  

The next day I wrote to the National Museum of Scotland to find out about the stones we saw on the tussock but... no reply.


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May 22, 2016

3rd September 2015

Johnny came lately and to the wrong place.

There is an article in The Independent today in which someone claims to have discovered that Arthur was a man of Scotand - Duh! I proved this years ago.

The litmus test for the historical Arthur is the battle of Badon.

This someone says that Badon was not fought in the north, like all the other battles, but in the far south, in Wiltshire. Why a Northern Arthur would have marched south to fight a battle in Wiltshire is a mystery. 

However, this someone goes on to say that the litmus-test-battle-of-Badon was "not to do with Arthur at all." Eh?

The fact is Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan was at Dunadd/Dunardry, Argyll, circa 574 - this is not disputed - and the land between Dunadd and Dunardry is still, to this day, called Badden (like Badon a corrupt version of Boadan, the name of Arthur Mac Aedan's distant cousin).

It was on the land of Badden that in circa 588 Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan fought and won the battle of Badon.

Why complicate things?

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May 22, 2016

24 August 2015 

History is Politics - Palmyra

Shocking news today - a temple in Palmyra has been destroyed. Destroy a people’s history and you destroy a people. Palmyra is a part of human history. Its destruction is an assault on all humanity.

It has been ever thus.

Edinburgh fell to the Angles in c. 638 CE. The Britons who lived there fled south as refugees taking with them the stories of the time, in the late 6th century, when, under Arthur and ‘Merlin,' they had been part of an allied army that had defeated the Angles.

The southern Britons had not been so successful - they did not have an Arthur or a 'Merlin' - and so the southern Britons adopted the northern Arthur and ‘Merlin’ as their own.

This is why there is no historically identifiable or geographically sensible Arthur or ‘Merlin’ in the south. In the south the stories are all over the place, because, in the south they are just stories.

In the north, in Scotland - things are different.


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May 22, 2016

19th August 2015

Edinburgh Festival

A few moments ago I was listening to a guide tell festival-goers about the Stone of Destiny (which, there is reason to believe is in Argyll) but not about Arthur's Seat which is just down road, at the end of the Royal Mile.

Arthur's Seat comemorates Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan's victories in the four battle's of the first part of the Great Angle War fought in the 580s. 



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May 22, 2016

30th July 2015

Paperback - Finding Arthur

The paperback edition of Finding Arthur will be out tomorrow.

This contains evidence that proves, on the balance of probabilities, that Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan.

Och, tae hell wi' it -  it proves it beyond reasonable doubt.

Q - So what?

A - See Whither Academia below.


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