'Ardrey delivers a bombshell... fascinating stuff'
- Los Angeles Times

'A brilliant piece of detective work... enthralling'
- Scots Magazine

Apr 11, 2020


Blogged to celar space for Webinar


Nine Women in the shadow of Christianity

I detailed the Arthur Mac Aedan, Iona/Avalon, and Nine Maiden connection in Finding Arthur.

There were many groups of ‘Nine Women’ in the Celtic world.

The Roman Geographer, Pomponius Mela, writing in the 1st c. CE, told of Nine Woman, Priestesses he called them, of the Celtic Ossimi, who lived in the far west of Brittany. The Nine Women lived on a small island in the Atlantic, the Ile de Sein.[1]

The Nine Women who took Arthur to Avalon/Iona were another such group. – there is an echo of one such group in the name Nine Wells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland.[2]

Originally Morgan le Fay / Morganna the leader of the Nine said to have take Arthur to Avalon/Iona was a caring person.

A century later, in the Vulgate Cycle, she was portrayed as a malignant force.

Powerful, capable women had a short-shelf life in literature and in reality under the shadow of Christianity.

[1] De situ orbis, Book 3.

[2] The best source is Stuart McHardy’s Nine Maidens.


Nennius Battles

for BC

Nennius Arthur-Battles

(1.) Glein = Abhainn Gillean one mile from Delgon where Arthur Mac Aedan’s father won a battle in 574. 

(2.) - ( 5.) Four Douglas battles at Linnuis =  River and Glen Douglas nr. the Lennox on Loch Lomond in shadow of Ben Arthur.

(6.) Battle on river at Bassas = where River Tay meets River Earn at Bassianus Bridge.  Duh!

(7.) Battle of Caledonian Wood = running fight like the Battle of the Wilderness in American Civil War fought south east of Stirling.

(8.) Battle of Guinnion = Stow in Wedale

(9.) Battle of City of the Legions = Trimontium Roman Fort 12 miles down the road from Stow.

(10.) Battle of Tribruit / Trevroit = fought on the Teviot (at the bridge at Monteviot)

(11.) Battle of Breguion = fought at Beregonium (40 miles from Dunadd)

(12.) Battle of Badon = modern Badden (once Baodan) at Dunadd, Lochgilphead.

Any questions - no problem.


W's Hx Scot.

"The only reason people do not know much is because they do not care to know. They are incurious. Incuriosity is the oddest and most foolish failing there is." Stephen Fry.

If you want to know about a woman who was at least as important in Scottish history as William Wallace and Robert Bruce, let me know.

She was Gwyneth; aka Languoreth, the Golden One; The Swan-necked woman; Queen of Cadzow and Strathclyde; The Lioness of Damnonia.

You may know her as the adulteress queen commemorated by the fish and the ring on Glasgow's coat of arms.

We don't have a surfeit of great historical Scottish women. That's because, like Languoreth, they were written out of history. I wrote her back in.

The first of a trilogy of novels based on my work was published in the USA last year - The Lost Queen by Signe Pike.

The queen was only lost until I found her.



Radio Live, Ca., USA

A USA radio station, Radio Live, asked me today to agree to an interview. I was pleased to say yes.

I had two TV shows at one time. Open to Question, where I chaired a panel of politicians &c. and a studio audience involved in topical debate; and Talking Point, where I interviewed all sorts of people, two First Ministers, for example, and, my favourite, the great World Champion boxer Ken Buchanan.

I know good guests are hard to come by, and so I will do what I can to be a good guest - this does not always mean agreeable.

I am about to look at the Radio Live website. I expect it will be like BBC 4 or PBS - highbrow and worthy and academic.

Four minutes later.

I was wrong.

It looks... interesting.

I look forward to it.

(Unless, of course, they No-Microphone me because I baulked at being blessed in their email.)


My shows were great - the TV company went bust


French TV and the adulteress queen. 

Last week a French TV company contacted me about a documentary about Scottish legends they will be making in the summer.

Of course, these legends now include Arthur and Merlin and, I am delighted to say, Languoreth.

Languoreth, Merlin’s twin-sister; Queen of Strathclyde; The Lioness of Damnonia (Strathclyde); The Swan-necked woman; and the woman commemorated on Glasgow’s coat of arms.  

The figures of Merlin and Arthur were twisted to suit the Christian book, but at least they were allowed a place in our common consciousness – Languoreth was not.

If there was one thing the Christians did not like it was an intelligent, powerful woman, who was not a Christian, and Languoreth was all three of these things. 

Consequently, she was written out of history.

I wrote her back in.

How can Languoreth be both written out of history and commemorated on Glasgow’s coat of arms?

The fish and the ring on Glasgow’s coat of arms refer to the story St. Mungo Kentigern and an adulteress queen. Of course, Mungo is the hero of this story: the adulteress queen has only a bit part to play.   

In fact, Languoreth, who, to be fair, was an adulteress queen, made a monkey of Mungo.


That's it, it is done - Arthur was Arthur Mac Aedan

Anyone think different? I will give you space to argue the matter.

Think of all the digs funded by spurious references to Arthur, and all the books and articles that have his name attached.


Prof Higham's King Arthur book.

Time was English historians thought Arthur lived in England.

The evidence did not back-up their claims.

The evidence suggested Scotland.

And so, they changed their tack - Prof Halsall said the evidence was just not good enough to ID Arthur.

Then, when that didn't work, Prof Higham says the evidence is not evidence.



Just published. Just received. Just about to be read.

I understand Prof Higham thinks that Arthur was just a legend.

We will see.


I had a quick look in the bibliography to see if my books were there - Finding Arthur is there, Finding Merlin is not.

And so, not all of the evidence has been considered.

We will see.


The above was written half an hour ago.

NJH says he is concerned with Arthur and not with later accretions such as the sword and the stone episode, which, he says, ‘can have nothing to tell us about the early development of Arthur himself.’

Perhaps this is because the well-known version of the sword and the stone, in which Arthur takes a magic sword from a magic stone, is nonsense: there being no such things as magic swords or magic stones.

Perhaps this is because Prof Higham does not know of an historical figure called Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, who took a non-magical sword from a non-magical stone, as part of a well-recognised ceremony, in 574CE

If this were so, and it is, this would tell us something about Arthur himself?

Would it not?

What if this historical sword and stone event took place at a place that is smack-bang next to a place with the same name as the legendary Arthur’s most famous battle, Badon (Badden)?

I will wait and see what NJH says about these facts, as facts they are – Arthur Mac Aedan is in the history books and Badden is on Ordnance Survey maps.

You can google this stuff you know.

Signe Pike 240918

The Lost Queen – a novel

September 2018

Unlike Alice Roberts and Ian Hislop (see below) the novelist Signe Pike has looked at the latest evidence – Finding Arthur and Finding Merlin - and produced what, by all accounts, is an excellent novel, about Languoreth, the twin-sister of the man called Merlin.

I have not yet read The Lost Queen, but I heard today, from an Oregonian friend, whose opinion I hold in high regard, that The Lost Queen is ‘good.’ (Good, in this context, means excellent. My friend is not given to hyperbole, on the contrary…)

Arthur and ‘Merlin’ were historical figures.

Then they were fictionalised, by Geoffrey of Monmouth and Thomas Malory, and innumerable others.

Then I brought them back into history. Now they have, following an honourable tradition, been fictionalised by Signe Pike.

Geoffrey of Monmouth and Thomas Malory and now, Signe Pike.

Alice Robert’s

King Arthur’s Britain: The Truth Unearthed

BBC Sept. 2018

Last week a friend texted me to tell me about a BBC TV programme which, he said, would identify Arthur – King Arthur’s Britain: The Truth Unearthed.

I thought – no, it won’t identify Arthur - and I was right.

There is a big difference between King Arthur’s Britain, which is what the programme was really about, and the historical Arthur.

The bit of Arthur’s Britain we got, was the wrong bit, the south and not the north.

The big find, revealed at the end (and described as ‘astonishing’ and ‘exciting’ and ‘incredible’ and ‘precious') was a stone, found at Tintagel that had some names cut onto it.

Not one of these names had anything to do with any Arthur.

Imagine the fuss there would have been if they had discovered the stone from which an historical Arthur really did take a sword.*

The stone from which the historical Arthur really did take a sword is not in the south but in the north, on the summit of Dunadd hillfort, Argyll, Scotland. It does not need to be unearthed. There is a photo on this website.

King Arthur's Britain concluded with everyone agreeing that Arthur didn’t exist and that he was simply made up. This is a reasonable conclusion if, like Prof Alice Roberts, you (a) rely upon evidence, and (b) insist upon looking for Arthur in the wrong country.

*No ‘magic’ was involved in the taking of the sword from the stone.

Ian Hislop’s Olden Days

BBC April 2018

Ian Hislop’s Arthur is a Hero for All Times, although, Ian says, Arthur probably never existed.

Ian says the earliest references to Arthur have him in Wales in the early 6th c.


(See above re looking in the wrong place. It is even worse if you look in the wrong time.)

The earliest reference to Arthur is in the poem Y Gododdin, written c. 600 CE, in Edinburgh. That is, Y Gododdin was written four years after and 25 miles to the east of where I say, in Finding Arthur, Arthur died in battle.*

The legendary Arthur is said to have died at a place called Camlann.

The hisitorical Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan, died at a place that today is called Camelon.

* The Annales Cambriae & Nennius were both compiled much later. Gildas did not mention Arthur directly. All three of them point to a northern Arthur.