'Ardrey delivers a bombshell... fascinating stuff'
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'A brilliant piece of detective work... enthralling'
- Scots Magazine

Nov 1, 2017

9th October 2017

Visit to the Fort of Gwenddolau on Saturday 7th October 2017 (Gwenddolau was 'Merlin's' cousin).

In Finding Arthur I wrote about the 'discouraging dog' at High Moat Farm, that, in 2006, discouraged my son and I from taking the footpath to Caer Gwenddolau and the battlefield of Arderydd. Instead, we went along, and then up the bank of the Liddell Water. 

On Saturday the landowner of High Moat Farm kindly gave me permission to cross his land. He said the discouraging dog's name was Jed: sad to say, Jed has died. And been replaced! 

Caer Gwenddolau Fort, is near Carwinley, Cumbria, England - but only just. Caer Gwenddolau is on the brink of the bank that falls, fast and steep to the Liddell Water, that forms the Scotland-England border.

In 573CE, according to the historical records, it was here that Merlin's side was defeated at the Battle of Arderydd. (If in doubt, search online - Merlin + 573.)

After this defeat Merlin went into exile in the woods, for seven years.

In 580 CE Merlin negotiated his return to favour at Stobo in the borders (commemorated today in Stobo Church by a lovely little stained glass window which shows Merlin at the feet of St Mungo). You can find this online too.

You couldn't make-up this stuff. 

7th October 2017

Battle of Arderydd - 573CE

The earliest surviving reference to the man called Merlin has him at the battle of Arderydd in 573CE.

The Arderydd battle was fought between the Liddell Water and Carwinley (in the vicinity of the fort Caer Gwenddolau (later the castle, the Liddell Strength).

I am about to leave to visit the battlefield and the fort today, for the third time. The second time I couldn't find the fort.

I will follow the route followed by William Skene, Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal, in the 1880, by starting at the Graham Arms.

29th September 2017

Columba again.

“Of all the Dark Age Scottish saints, Columba is the most spectacular star", according to the BBC: that’s right, the BBC that is supposed to impartial. If you agree with the BBC, that Columba was a star - let me know.

I think the evidence suggests he was a religious fanatic and an oppressor of free speech; which, I suppose, is a tautology.

When I read this kind of BBC stuff, I think the same as you (probably) think when you read the North Korean TV stuff about Kim Jong-Il. 


I say the legendary Arthur was the the historical Arthur Mac Aedan.

I say Columba was a fanatic who did ISIS-like things, such as bury people alive.

I say, time was when women were treated with due respect, and that this time ended with the advent of Christianity.

So, how come, hardly anyone knows this?

See below re WF Skene. You don't get to be Historiographer Royal (or whatever) by rocking the boat, that's why.

See VisitScotland website for my Top Ten Arthur locations and two tourist trails.

7th September 2017

Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal - WF Skene

William F. Skene sets all twelve of Arthur's battles, as listed by Nennius, in Scotland.

Then he wonders whether Arthur came to Scotland by a western or an eastern route; before plumping for the west, because there were a lot of Angles in the east.

The evidence points to Arthur being a man of Scotland, and yet, Skene still has Arthur come from the south to the north to fight twelve battles, and then, go south again.

Who is this southern Arthur? Skene does not say; because there isn't one.

Occam's Razor, William, Occam's Razor: if the evidence suggests Arthur was a man of Scotland, which it does - why not accept this?

Because you don't get to be Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal by rocking the boat, that's why.

4th September 2017

Arthur (Mac Aedan) and the man called 'Merlin'

Benderloch Bookends Book Festival - 23rd September 2017

See Visitscotland website for my Top Ten Arthur sites.

Benderloch Bookends Book Festival, Saturday 23rd September 2017.

I will be talking about how we can now fill the hitherto almost empty sixth century of Scottish history with the greatest story ever told: the story of Arthur and the man called 'Merlin.' 

First, there is no possible historical Arthur, far less an historical 'Merlin', in England or in Wales. (Unless you know different, if so, let me know - but you don't.)

Second, ask yourself - What would it take to prove to you that the legendary Arthur was the historical Arthur Mac Aedan (c.559-596CE)?

Battle of Badon

Google the legendary Arthur's most famous battle, the battle of Badon.

Then check Google Maps and you will find the lands of Badden lie between Lochgilhead and Cairnbaan.

Smack-bang next to Dunadd.


The sword and the stone? What about that?

The historical sword and stone event happened on the summit of Dunadd, when Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan was at Dunadd, in 574CE.

No magic sword or magic stone were involved, just a simple ceremony that only makes sense on the summit of Dunadd. (There is a photo of the stone in the gallery of this website.)


Avalon is said to be an island, set in the western sea, where the legendary Arthur was buried, after he was killed at the battle of Camlann?

Iona is an island set in the western sea, and Iona is where the historical Arthur Mac Aedan was buried - Duh!

This happened after Arthur Mac Aedan was killed at the battle of Camelon, Falkirk.

Camelon, Falkirk

Camlann, where the legendary Arthur died is Camelon, Falkirk, where the historical Arthur died.

The present ninth tee at Falkirk Golf Course was once Arthur Mac Aedan's father Aedan's fort - you couldn't make up this stuff. 

Too much?

Have I given too much away? Will there be anything left for my Benderloch talk? Yup, stacks.

Excalibur, Gawain, Round Table (again no magic involved), Guinevere (Google Meigle II stone for her) &c. &c.

Scotland has the lot.

Ben Arthur 

Arthur's Seat

Merlin and Columba and Mungo

Merlin was not his real name. If there are Gaelic speakers at Benderloch, they could be helpful in this connection.

Columba was not the man the modern church would have us believe - ask Oran.

Oran said, things are not as you say they are, Columba. This was just before Columba buried him alive (for the second time!).

Arthur's father, Aedan, tried to have Columba killed. 

As for 'Merlin's' enemy, Mungo of Glasgow: Mungo had the leader of a moderate Christian sect assassinated; a cleric brought in to oppose him assassinated and other people assassinated. He also undermined people by 'accusing' them of being gay. 

On the plus-side women come out of all this new history well, right up to the point the Christians took control.