'Ardrey delivers a bombshell... fascinating stuff'
- Los Angeles Times

'A brilliant piece of detective work... enthralling'
- Scots Magazine


9th October 2017

Visit to the Fort of Gwenddolau on Saturday 7th October 2017 (Gwenddolau was 'Merlin's' cousin).

Caer Gwenddolau Fort, near Carwinley, Cumbria, is in England, but only just: the fort is on the edge of the river that forms the Scotland-England border.

It was here, in 573CE, that 'Merlin's' side was defeated, and, after which, for seven years, 'Merlin' went into exile in the woods.

In 580CE, at Stobo in the borders, 'Merlin' negotiated his return to favour (commemorated today in Stobo Church by a lovely little stained glass window which shows 'Merlin'). 

In Finding Arthur I wrote about the 'discouraging dog' at High Moat Farm that, the first time I was there, led to my son and I taking the rough route to the fort.

The landowner who kindly gave permission on Saturday, said that dog's name was Jed: sad to say, Jed has died. 

7th October 2017

Battle of Arderydd - 573CE

The earliest surviving reference to the man called Merlin has him at the battle of Arderydd in 573CE.

The Arderydd battle was fought between the Liddell Water and Carwinley (in the vicinity of the fort Caer Gwenddolau (later the castle, the Liddell Strength).

I am about to leave to visit the battlefield and the fort today, for the third time. The second time I couldn't find the fort.

I will follow the route followed by William Skene, Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal, in the 1880, by starting at the Graham Arms.

29th September 2017

Columba again.

“Of all the Dark Age Scottish saints, Columba is the most spectacular star", according to the BBC: that’s right, the BBC that is supposed to impartial. If you agree with the BBC, that Columba was a star - let me know.

I think the evidence suggests he was a religious fanatic and an oppressor of free speech; which, I suppose, is a tautology.

When I read this kind of BBC stuff, I think the same as you (probably) think when you read the North Korean TV stuff about Kim Jong-Il. 


I say the legendary Arthur was the the historical Arthur Mac Aedan.

I say Columba was a fanatic who did ISIS-like things, such as bury people alive.

I say, time was when women were treated with due respect, and that this time ended with the advent of Christianity.

So, how come, hardly anyone knows this?

See below re WF Skene. You don't get to be Historiographer Royal (or whatever) by rocking the boat, that's why.

See VisitScotland website for my Top Ten Arthur locations and two tourist trails.

7th September 2017

Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal - WF Skene

William F. Skene sets all twelve of Arthur's battles, as listed by Nennius, in Scotland.

Then he wonders whether Arthur came to Scotland by a western or an eastern route; before plumping for the west, because there were a lot of Angles in the east.

The evidence points to Arthur being a man of Scotland, and yet, Skene still has Arthur come from the south to the north to fight twelve battles, and then, go south again.

Who is this southern Arthur? Skene does not say; because there isn't one.

Occam's Razor, William, Occam's Razor: if the evidence suggests Arthur was a man of Scotland, which it does - why not accept this?

Because you don't get to be Queen Victoria's Historiographer Royal by rocking the boat, that's why.

4th September 2017

Arthur (Mac Aedan) and the man called 'Merlin'

Benderloch Bookends Book Festival - 23rd September 2017

See Visitscotland website for my Top Ten Arthur sites.

Benderloch Bookends Book Festival, Saturday 23rd September 2017.

I will be talking about how we can now fill the hitherto almost empty sixth century of Scottish history with the greatest story ever told: the story of Arthur and the man called 'Merlin.' 

First, there is no possible historical Arthur, far less an historical 'Merlin', in England or in Wales. (Unless you know different, if so, let me know - but you don't.)

Second, ask yourself - What would it take to prove to you that the legendary Arthur was the historical Arthur Mac Aedan (c.559-596CE)?

Battle of Badon

Google the legendary Arthur's most famous battle, the battle of Badon.

Then check Google Maps and you will find the lands of Badden lie between Lochgilhead and Cairnbaan.

Smack-bang next to Dunadd.


The sword and the stone? What about that?

The historical sword and stone event happened on the summit of Dunadd, when Arthur, Arthur Mac Aedan was at Dunadd, in 574CE.

No magic sword or magic stone were involved, just a simple ceremony that only makes sense on the summit of Dunadd. (There is a photo of the stone in the gallery of this website.)


Avalon is said to be an island, set in the western sea, where the legendary Arthur was buried, after he was killed at the battle of Camlann?

Iona is an island set in the western sea, and Iona is where the historical Arthur Mac Aedan was buried - Duh!

This happened after Arthur Mac Aedan was killed at the battle of Camelon, Falkirk.

Camelon, Falkirk

Camlann, where the legendary Arthur died is Camelon, Falkirk, where the historical Arthur died.

The present ninth tee at Falkirk Golf Course was once Arthur Mac Aedan's father Aedan's fort - you couldn't make up this stuff. 

Too much?

Have I given too much away? Will there be anything left for my Benderloch talk? Yup, stacks.

Excalibur, Gawain, Round Table (again no magic involved), Guinevere (Google Meigle II stone for her) &c. &c.

Scotland has the lot.

Ben Arthur 

Arthur's Seat

Merlin and Columba and Mungo

Merlin was not his real name. If there are Gaelic speakers at Benderloch, they could be helpful in this connection.

Columba was not the man the modern church would have us believe - ask Oran.

Oran said, things are not as you say they are, Columba. This was just before Columba buried him alive (for the second time!).

Arthur's father, Aedan, tried to have Columba killed. 

As for 'Merlin's' enemy, Mungo of Glasgow: Mungo had the leader of a moderate Christian sect assassinated; a cleric brought in to oppose him assassinated and other people assassinated. He also undermined people by 'accusing' them of being gay. 

On the plus-side women come out of all this new history well, right up to the point the Christians took control.

USA TV documentary

An American TV documentary I can't name yet, will be shown later this year.




-About the author

No one cares about anyone else’s family history (and quite right too): and so it was that when I was researching my family name, Ardrey, I looked where no one else had looked and found what no one else had found.

I already knew that the earliest reference to Merlin had him at the battle of Arderydd, fought on the Scotland-England border in 573CE; and that the very next year the historical figure Arthur Mac Aedan was based at the hillfort of Dunardry [Sic] in Argyll, Scotland.

Merlin and Arthur are obviously connected, as are 573CE and 574CE.

Once I understood the Merlin-Arderydd-Arthur-Dunardy connections, I looked for other evidence, and found it, until, I could prove beyond reasonable doubt that Merlin and Arhur were men of Scotland.


Adam Ardrey is an Advocate living near Glasgow, Scotland with his wife and three children.

FINDING MERLIN was published by Mainstream, Edinburgh, Scotland, in 2007; and FINDING ARTHUR by Overlook, New York, USA. in 2013. An audio book of Fining Merlin is available.


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30th March 2016

Name: D****
Email Address: l*****@aol.com

Message: ...I read your book Finding Arthur and loved it.

Thank you.


7th March 2016

Name: S****
Email Address: s****12*1@gmail.com
Message: I live in Finland. I bought a book called Finding Merlin - the truth behind the legend. And I read it. It was well written and it told so much details about that legend.

13th December 2015

Both my brother and I were excited to hear that you have been working on a follow up to Finding Arthur... Both my brother and myself look at the books you have written (and assume what you have still to publish) as being of value to Scottish history and standing in the world...
Saor Alba!

27th November 2015


Hello Adam:

My contacting you... is... [because] over the summer...[I had an] argument/debate I had with my brother over the some of the contents of Finding Arthur. We had both recently re-read Finding Arthur and had taken 2 different reactions to it.  My reaction was to your chapter concerning Camelot while my brother was intrigued by your closing chapter re the meaning and roots of Aryan and the mention of the runes on the island in the Baltic...Cheers and hope to hear from you soon.

P**** K****

(Questions asked and answered.)

24th November 2015

Name: M***** C**** C*******

Email Address: ***@m******campbell.com
Message: Dear Mr Ardrey, your book finding is very interesting...I spent many months on the Isle of Iona...During one summer trip I stayed for six weeks in the abbey and slept in a 8 ft square monks cell... Your book has given some interesting ideas regarding Arthur, Iona, and the Campbell's. I would be very interested to read what you know of the Druids of Iona...
Regards M******

California, USA

AA Full answers to several questions were provided.

3rd November 2015

From: R***** B**** [t****_*i@hotmail.com]
Sent: 03 November 2015 14:32
To: Adam Ardrey
Subject: query


As I was reading (for the 3rd time) Finding Arthur ...I find it interesting that there seems to be more people believing in a Scottish Arthur.

I would like you to know that I have been a real fan of yours since first picking up Finding Merlin.  I really like your logic; the lawyer/judge really shows through.  You had mentioned a Finding Camelot, any progress on that?

B** B****

[AA - This email came with a query - this query has been answered.]

29th October 2015


Another potential tourist




“I thought you had the most convincing argument on the [Expedition Unknown USA TV] show and it was interesting to see the area, especially the "camelot"… How far is the area that Arthur and Merlin inhabited from Cowal? [This question has been answered.]… If you were coming to Scotland and could design a sightseeing trip in the areas around Port Patrick and Cowal, where would you go and what would you see?... Lots of questions, any answers appreciated. [All questions answered.]



23rd October 2015 

Name: J****
Email Address: j****s******@gmail.com
Message: Hi Adam, 
I am a Scot living in the USA and I caught you on Expedition Unknown last night up Dunadd Fort with Josh Gates. 
I very much enjoyed hearing your opinions on the history... [Dunadd is] a very special place! 
I am very interested to read your books! 
All the best, 

2nd April 2015

From: USA p******_t*******@verizon.net


I cannot say how wondrously accurate Finding Arthur is… [this writer kindly said, I had done] great service in connecting everything together.


t April 2015

Name: K**** D**

Email Address:USA  k**9***@gmail.com
Message: I really enjoyed your book, Finding Arthur, it opened so much truth and history that has been missing to us for all these years. I also liked how in many of your conclusion you applied Occam's Razor, and it makes so much sense. Great research and thank you for uncovering the truth.

16th March 2015

From: A***** G**** f*******@idnet.com

Sent: 16 March 2015 16:55

Subject: Finding Arthur

Dear Adam Ardrey,

... I am reading your very interesting book...

16th March 2015

Name: c**** g******
Email Address: c******g******@mac.com
Message: Mr. Ardrey, I very much liked both Finding Merlin and Finding Arthur. Wikipedia has a lot of entries that need updating! Maybe that could be your next project.

(I wrote back to CG and said I did not know how to add to Wiki. but that it was a good idea.)

23rd February 2015

Name: K***** Y********

Email Address: k**********@juno.com
Message: Big fan of both your books. I've been intrigued by Arthur, Merlin and Grail legends for decades....
Thanks, again.


17th February 2015 (from Germany)


... your book helps to spread out the information on an Arthur from Scotland. The evidence is so proof that there is not any doubt about it...


11th February 2015

From - G****** S******* (from Brazil)

...I read your book finding merlin, and I'm sure : [it] is the best on the subject. I am a big fan of merlin and arthur among others, and I'm eager to see the films and arthur books to come.


10th February 2015

From I*** G*******

Cheers Adam!

I must say that I find your case for Arthur MacAedan compelling. I have quietly assumed that Arthur was Gododdin. But I find your proposed Cat Celydon confederates with Arthur as leader very logical. And of course your route to Tribuit takes us neatly to the old ramparts of Roxburgh which has many rumours of Arthur whistling about it! It would make aq great day tour from Edinburgh!


8th February 2015 


Hello Adam

I have just come across your site. How fascinating...


7th November 2014

Name: Ashley
Email Address: a*********@*****.com
Message: Hello Mr. Ardrey!
I have been reading your Finding Arthur, and have found it amazing! I enjoy many of the arguments you bring up. I have a huge interest in history, and must admit to a mild obsession with King Arthur... I agree that Arthur Mac Aedan was very probably the historical Arthur, but I do have a few questions about a few of your theories... 

[These questions were asked and answered.]

10th October 2014


Dear Adam

I have just been reading Finding Arthur, having been recommended to do so by P****** T*******, seanacchie for M*******.  S******* are connected to Clan M*******, with footsteps accordingly back to Dunardry, Dunnadd, and Ireland.

Finding Arthur has been an amazing learning experience for me, for the history, the stripping aside of the agendas and propaganda of early writers (while finding and pursuing the kernel of any contained truth), and also for your rigorous analytical skills in doing so.


 A magnificent read as well.,,


24th August 2014

Adam, finished "Finding Arthur", very, very good! Loved it. 

C**** A*****

30th June 2014


I just finished reading Finding Merlin yesterday and the day before, I ordered Finding Arthur which arrived last night. I just finished it tonight - couldn't put it down. Both of them are absolutely wonderful and very well worked out. An enormous amount of detective work and dedication.

I can see you are not enamored with the church and it's methods past and probably present and neither am I. So, I'd just like to say well done for speaking your mind on that front.

Can I ask one question? [this Q was asked and answered].

We should take a leaf out of the Church method of working and now flood the market with books about the Scottish Arthur! Only this time they will be factual.

Thanks very much for an excellent read.

Kind regards

R***** M*******


13th May 2014

Name: J***** K P***
Email Address: j*****kp***@gmail.com
Message: Hello, my name is J***** and I am very interested in your books and your research. I too am a Merlin seeker and scholar though my interests are a bit more magical that yours are I think :) I'm planning a UK pilgrimage for 2015 that should eventually turn into a book about my spiritual journey in the path of Merlin and I have added a lot of sites to visit that I hadn't know previously thanks to your book and blogs...
Thanks and keep up the good work!
J***** K P***
San Francisco, CA


29th April 2014


I finished the book last week. I really enjoyed it and thought that your arguments were very well presented and followed a logic that would be difficult to argue with. I have recommended the book to some of my Irish colleagues who have an interest in Irish history.



8th April 2014

Name: r** d*****
Email Address: r********00@gmail.com
Message: just read "finding arthur" - now need to locate a copy of "finding merlin" - fine job of grounding the arthuriad in the people and places of the times. "arthur" and "aneirin" being use names/nicknamesmakes perfect sense...

11th April 2014

C***** C****** S******

I am writing regarding the book, Finding Merlin. My 14 year old daughter recently checked the book out from our local library. She loves the book but found that the title is misspelled on the slipcover/spine. 
When she's done with this book she's going back for Arthur. 

[On the cover of the USA Edn. Merlin is spelled 'Merln' - a glitch got us - such is life. Adam Ardrey]

7th April 2014

D**** H*******

I'm finishing up Finding Arthur and I wanted to tell you that I love it. Re: literary triplets (269), this is a common occurrence in Native American tale telling and I suspect probably quite common in most oral traditions. Repeating important items three times is a way to effectively teach the listener.



24th February 2014

L**** on For Argyll (On-line news)

From someone who had read Finding Arthur -

"...all references to battles, place names, Iona and especially to Merlin, make such sense. It all seems obvious. I am now a firm believer that the real Arthur lived and fought in Argyll (as well as other areas in Scotland)..." 

Audio Book

22nd October 2014

From Italy

Name: G******

Email Address: g******.g******@libero.it
Message: Hi, I'm really interested in your books... above all in "Finding Merlin". But I'm afraid my English is not good enough to understand everything. So, here is my question: do you know if your books will be translated into Italian? Thanks, best regards, G******

I replied to G****** 22nd October 2014.

21st September 2014

From - j*****d*******@hotmail.com

Dear Adam,

...I have seen your excellent website, and looked at your books…amazing! Very well researched and presented! I wish you all the best in your work…a Scottish King Arthur! Well done!

Very best wishes 

J***** M. E**** D*******

29th January 2014


I was so pleased by your prompt... reply to my e-mail!... it is a rare rainy day here in southwest Florida... my husband and I have traveled to Glasgow, Edinburgh and the border country of Scotland several times over the years on pheasant "shoots" and love the country and the people.  J** was saying just last evening that we should travel back to Scotland and see a different part of the country (Argyll and the Highlands?)... J***

28th January 2014

D**** T*****

Email Address: dt******@yahoo.com
Message: I bought and read the new US edition of this book on the advice of our clan (MacTavish) association... I... did find a compelling and well-researched case for the historic basis of a real-life... Merlin of late sixth century Glasgow, and ample evidence that the real Arthur was a Manau Scot and not from southern England as the authors of conventional retellings of the legends would have it.
A masterful historical detective job, cutting through centuries of political and religious propaganda to unveil the truth behind the myths.
A must-read for Arthur, Merlin and Camelot buffs. 

24th January 2014

G*** W*****

"This was brilliant: "... the Old Way engendered individuality, and so disputation, both of which are good for humanity and bad for those in charge". I loved this book and am fortunate to have travelled to many of the Arthurian places in Scotland described in it."

3rd January 2014

Dear Mr. Ardrey,

I read Finding Merlin last year and have just finished Finding Arthur. Rather, I should say that I listened to them as I am blind and I rely on my Kindle Text to Speech facility. It struggles a bit with Celtic names but I was able to follow most of your arguments. I have long believed that any historical figure behind the Arthur legends was probably based in Scotland and I am delighted that your efforts have produced a viable candidate. I must say that your overall arguments have persuaded me that you are probably correct. I must congratulate you on such a difficult and well –argued investigation...

2nd January 2014

Name: E S******

Email Address: e******_s******@hotmail.com
Message: Reading your book at the moment very interesting. Take a look at assessment online concerning Knappers farm at Drumry near Clydebank. Excavated in 1937 and thought to be the miniature Stonehenge in wood, unfortunately the war stopped work and then it was destroyed by the building of the A82 road. Some of the items found are in Hunterian Museum.

2nd January 2014

Name: T** McG*****
Hi Adam. Got your latest book for Christmas and still in the midst of reading it. I have always been a bit 50/50 about Arthur MacAedan but I find finding Arthur very convincing. Your highlighting of Arthur being airbrushed out of history then rebranded for the Christian establishment really hits the mark and we can see modern parallels in the way the right wing establishments in the UK and USA constantly discredit and attack anything they see as being left wing through misinformation and downright subterfuge. Just shows, things don't change much. The template of Arthur's world is now starting to fit into its proper location thanks to the work of writers like yourself who are who are hacking through 1500 years of establishment b******. I must check out Dunardey next time I am up in Knapdale. 
Thoroughly enjoying your book. T**.

6th December 2013

... I totally believe in your hypothesis that MacAyden [sic] is truly the basis for the Arthurian Legand...Adam you won again...Keep writing man...
Happy Holidays.
California, USA.

24th November 2013

If you haven't gotten and read "Finding Arthur" you're missing out on one of the great detective stories of the times!

C****** S*****

Arizona, USA

22nd November 2013

Got the book yesterday and I am reading in my spare time...can't put it down. David Carroll sold me on a Scottish Arthur....and your book is right along those lines. Thank you for the hard work and research!

J**** R*******

22nd November 2013
Hello Adam;
...Just wanted to let you know that I just received 2 copies of the new book and can't wait to start reading.
I bought the second book to mail to  my brother who is as interested in this subject as I have become. It was my brother who introduced me to this topic by sending me a copy of the Merlin book. So we will have come full circle!
...I believe we need to get the message out that Scots history is not as basic as many believe, and I might even go so far as to state, our history was probably stolen from us...
... I will email you again when I have finished the book. I have a feeling I might have a couple of questions or observations.
... I am especially fascinated by the revelation of you having been able to pinpoint the locations of the 12 battles. If this is correct I think it could potentially change everything for Scotland and our history.


P**** K****

21st November 2013

Hi Adam
…I greatly enjoy reading history books... Your first book really interested me as I fish on the… water between Drumelzier and Dawyk and had never realised until reading your first book that any of the references to Merlin in the area had any veracity. The key thing in your books for me is the encouragement to get out there and have a look for yourself… your books have got me… looking at the landscapes differently.  My kids also love your books and we were recently on top of the Meldon Hills questioning why we have so little information on these places... your books are important as they provide a very different perspective to the hum drum stuff that's regurgitated in most books...  I also think that people should own up to where their perspectives come from - so again your writing is very clear on the different ways that people have tried to create a fixed story to meet their own ends. The exciting thing is that you have opened up so many different avenues - some of your arguments are more convincing than others but this is as it should be…

J*** D****



Finding Merlin

Finding Merlin is now available to buy online and in bookshops.

To purchase on Amazon click the link below.

Finding Arthur

Finding Arthur is now available to buy online and in bookshops.

To purchase on Amazon click the link below.

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